Egyptians must choose between a Muslim Brother or an ex-military man in a presidential run-off that highlights the stark rifts in a nation united in euphoria when Hosni Mubarak fell 15 months ago, first-round results indicated on Friday.
With most votes counted, the Muslim Brotherhood said its candidate Mohammed Mursi had topped this week’s polls and would compete in next month’s second round with former air force chief Ahmed Shafiq, who served as Mubarak’s last prime minister.
Semi-official final results of vote-count showed that Islamist Mursi got 24.9% of the votes, Shafiq got 24.5% while leftist opposition leader Hamdeen Sabbahi got 21.1% of the votes.
The Muslim Brotherhood warned that the “nation is in danger” if ex-premier Shafiq wins the presidency.
The Brotherhood called Egyptian political forces to talks on ways to “save” the uprising ahead of a presidential election run-off.
Mursi has contacted other presidential candidates and party leaders and invited them to a meeting on Saturday, said Essam al-Erian, the deputy head of the Brotherhood’s political party.
Crucial step for the Egyptians
The election marks a crucial step in a messy and often bloody transition to democracy, overseen by a military council that has pledged to hand power to a new president by July 1.
More turbulence could follow if Shafiq is elected and his foes have already vowed to take to the streets if that happens.
A victory for Mursi could worsen tensions between resurgent Islamists and the army, self-appointed guardian of the state.
Official results are only due on Tuesday, but a senior judge involved in supervising the vote said Mursi and Shafiq were in the lead, based on figures from 90 percent of polling stations, according to Reuters.
Leftist Sabahi lay third, he said. The Brotherhood put Sabahi fourth behind another Islamist, Abdul Moniem Abul Fotouh, in a close race in which Mursi won 25 percent of votes.
A member of Shafiq’s campaign also said Mursi and Shafiq were in the lead, but that counting was not complete.
The election has split Egyptians between those who oppose an effective return to the Mubarak era and those who fear an Islamist monopoly of ruling institutions.
The run-off will be held on June 16 and 17.
“Now Egyptians will have to choose between the revolution and the counter-revolution,” Mohammed Beltagy, a leader of the Muslim Brotherhood’s party, told Reuters.
Choosing between Mursi and Shafiq
But Islamists were slow to join the revolt against Mubarak and some of the youth who were at its forefront were aghast at the outcome of the first round and the choice they now face.
“To choose between Shafiq or Mursi is like being asked do you want to commit suicide by being set on fire or jump in a shark tank,” Adel Abdul Ghafar wrote on Twitter, a networking tool used to devastating effect against Mubarak in the uprising.
Tareq Farouq, 34, a Cairo driver, said: “I’m in shock. How could this happen? The people don’t want Mursi or Shafiq. We’re sick of both. They are driving people back to Tahrir Square.”
Christians and secular liberals anxious about their own freedoms and the fate of Egypt’s vital tourist industry will fret about a promised Brotherhood push for Islamic law.
But Shafiq’s supporters believe his military background and government experience make him the man to restore order and stability so that the battered economy can revive.
“People voted for Shafiq for his honesty and clarity which people are craving for. They believed him when he said Egypt is for everyone,” said Karim Salem, a Shafiq campaign aide.
As he left the al-Fath mosque after Friday prayers, 25-year-old Abdullah Rezk said he would be happy with whomever became Egypt’s next president.
“Anyone of them is okay if the election was clean. Maybe one is better than another, but I can accept any of them,” he told AFP.
Rezk voted for Sabbahi, saying he liked his vision for the country, but he was keen to stress that Egyptians “must accept the results.”
Nearby, Hassan Mohammed Yusef, a lecturer at Cairo University’s school of law, was happy that his candidate Mursi appeared to be through to the next round, but expressed dismay at Shafiq’s strong showing.
“The problem is that Shafiq got a lot of votes, which shows that the Egyptian people are still ignorant,” he said, as a crowd formed around him outside the mosque.
“How dare you call the Egyptian people ignorant! You are ignorant!” one man shouted at him, cursing him in concert with several other observers.
“I have the right to speak my mind!” Yussef shouted back.
“Where is the change in people’s minds?” he asked. “We tried the old regime for 30 years and look where it got us.”
But despite his disappointment, Yussef said there was an upside to a race pitting Shafiq against the Brotherhood candidate.
“It makes the choice very clear, either a return to the theft, the ignorance, the corruption, the old way, or a new way, a way of dignity, freedom and justice.”
If Mursi becomes president, Islamists will control most ruling institutions -- but not the military -- in Egypt, the most populous Arab nation, consolidating electoral gains made by fellow-Islamists in other Arab countries in the past year.
Israel nervously watches Islamist rise
Israel has nervously watched the Islamist rise, especially in Egypt, its old enemy until a 1979 peace treaty. Mursi vaguely advocates a “review” of the pact, but the Brotherhood says it will not tear it up. Shafiq has vowed to uphold it.
The bluntly-spoken military man came from behind in a race in which former Arab League chief Amr Moussa and ex-Brotherhood member Abul Fotouh were early favorites.
His late surge reflected the anxiety of many Egyptians about a breakdown of law and order and the often violent political disputes that have punctuated an army-led transition since a popular revolt ousted Mubarak on Feb. 11, 2011.
Egypt will elect a president before re-writing a post-Mubarak constitution to define the powers of the head of state, parliament and other institutions. The army, bent on preserving its privileges and influence even after the promised handover, might want to curb the mandate of an Islamist president.
The Brotherhood’s Guidance Office, its top body, was meeting to mull a campaign “to galvanize Islamists and Egyptian voters to face the bloc of the ‘feloul’,” a Brotherhood official said, using a scornful Arabic term for “remnants” of Mubarak’s order.
The Brotherhood, Egypt’s most organized political group, has already secured the biggest bloc for its party in parliament after an earlier vote. Long repressed and banned under Mubarak, the 84-year-old Islamist group has a broad grassroots base.
Many Christians, who form about a tenth of Egypt’s 82 million people, complained of discrimination in Mubarak’s day, but are likely to vote for Shafiq in preference to an Islamist.
The Brotherhood may be riding high, but to win the run-off it will need to woo the votes of other candidates such as its old adherent Abul Fotouh, who took 20 percent of the vote on an inclusive platform, according to the Brotherhood’s count.
The votes of Sabahi, the leftist, could also swing a run-off between Mursi and Shafiq.
“We as a party are setting a strategy to reconcile all political forces to ensure unity in the next crucial step,” said Essam al-Erian, another Brotherhood party leader.
Elijah Zarwan at the European Council on Foreign Relations in London said the outcome was “perhaps the most polarizing and therefore dangerous result possible” and could spark unrest.
“But those who fear the destabilizing effects of sustained Islamist-military confrontation can take some comfort in that neither side has an interest in such a prolonged conflict.”
Two days of first-round voting went off calmly with polls closing on Thursday. Monitors reported no major infringements, although some candidates grumbled about their rivals' conduct.
The Brotherhood official, who asked not to be named, said that with votes counted from about 12,800 of the roughly 13,100 polling stations, Mursi had 25 percent, Shafiq 23 percent, Abul Fotouh 20 percent and leftist Sabahi 19 percent.
Election committee officials said late on Thursday that about half of Egypt’s 50 million eligible voters had cast ballots. The Brotherhood official put the turnout at 40 percent.