The announcement by Egyptian President Mohammed Mursi this week that “all options are open” to deal with the perceived Ethiopian threat to his country’s water supply raises questions about the Nile Basin and the deep and protracted water war. The opening of the Egyptian damning floodgates in response to Ethiopia’s recent diversion of the Blue Nile course, amid works to construct a hydroelectric dam, was surprising in its intensity and due to the conflicting tones that contrasted sharply with Sudan’s mild response to the Ethiopian action. So why is Egypt hanging Ethiopia out to dry over its Renaissance Dam plans and are the gathering political clouds all about ensuring water security in the land of the Nile Delta?
Clashes over the Nile
Without doubt, the Nile has historically played a vital role in the life of Egyptians and has been a top priority and “red line” for Egyptian officials since the days of the PharaohsYoussef Khazem