Saudi King Salman discussed with US President Donald Trump several topics in a telephone call on Sunday.
A senior Saudi source told Reuters the two leaders spoke for more than an hour and agreed to step up counter-terrorism and military cooperation and enhance economic cooperation.
The two also discussed the Muslim Brotherhood, the senior Saudi source said, adding in a reference to the late al-Qaeda leader: "It was mentioned that Osama bin Laden was recruited at an early stage" by the organization.
Egypt, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates designated the Brotherhood a terrorist organization. US officials and people close to Trump's transition team have said discussion is under way in the Trump administration on whether the United States should also declare the Brotherhood a terrorist organization and subject it to US sanctions.
Trump also spoke with Abu Dhabi Crown Prince Sheikh Mohammed bin Zayed Al Nahyan. In what appears to have been a reference to the Muslim Brotherhood, the Crown Prince was cited by UAE state news agency WAM as saying "groups that raise fake slogans and ideologies aim to hide their criminal truth by spreading chaos and destruction."
The source said Saudi Arabia would enhance its participation in the U.S.-led coalition fighting to oust ISIS from its strongholds in Iraq and Syria.
The White House statement said the two leaders also agreed on the need to address "Iran's destabilizing regional activities." SPA confirmed the report but made no specific mention of Iran.
Both countries share views about Iranian policies in the region, the Saudi source said, suggesting Trump agreed with Riyadh's suspicion of what it sees as Tehran's growing influence in the Arab world. Iran denies it meddles in Arab countries.
The White House said Trump had also "raised the idea of supporting safe zones for the refugees displaced by the conflict in the region, and the Crown Prince agreed to support this initiative."
A White House statement said they also discussed “a Middle East effort to defeat terrorism and to help build a new future, economically and socially."
Also King Salman, agreed to support safe zones in Syria and Yemen, a White House statement said.
Trump, during his presidential campaign last year, had called for Gulf states to pay for establishing safe zones to protect Syrian refugees.
A statement after the phone call said the two leaders agreed on the importance of strengthening joint efforts to fight the spread of Islamic State militants.
The “King agreed, to support safe zones in Syria and Yemen, as well as supporting other ideas to help the many refugees who are displaced by the ongoing conflicts," the statement said.
The Saudi Press Agency said the two leaders had affirmed the "depth and durability of the strategic relationship" between the two countries.
The agency added "the custodian of the Two Holy Mosques had confirmed his support and backing for setting up safe zones in Syria.”SHOW MORE