At least 52 people were killed and 167 wounded after a car bomb rocked the defense ministry in the capital Sanaa on Thursday, Al Arabiya correspondent reported.
Six doctors, including a Venezuelan and two from the Philippines, were among the people killed, Agence France-Presse reported medical and security sources as saying.
The death toll also includes three Yemeni doctors and five patients, among them a judge, at a hospital within the ministry’s complex that took the brunt of the attack, a medic said.
A Yemeni official said two gunmen were arrested, and that al-Qaeda-linked militants are mostly likely behind the blast.
Soon after the blast, clashes between the Yemeni army and the gunmen ensued. Gunshots were also heard as an ambulance rushed to the scene, a witness told Reuters.
The gunmen started attacking the ministry's eastern gate while a car bomb hit the western entrance of the building, Mansour al-Zindani, a spokesperson from main opposition party al-Islah Coalition told Al Arabiya News.
The clashes continued two hours after the explosion, the unnamed official said, adding that some of the gunmen were holed up inside the ministry.
Zindani said the attack has the mark of al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP), which Washington regards as the jihadist network’s most dangerous branch.
“RPGs [Rocket-propelled grenades] and a car bombing were used, these are indications that al-Qaeda is behind it,” Zindani said, adding that the scale of attacks have changed from the targeting and assassinations of officials to direct attack of a government buildings.
On Sep. 2012, the defense minister escaped a car bomb that killed 13 people in an apparent assassination attempt.
To prevent “shoot and scoot” attacks, the government on Sunday started enforcing a temporary ban on motorbikes in the capital during national dialogue sessions aimed for reconciliation.
The interior ministry said the ban will last until December 15 to “preserve security and stability” as Yemen undergoes a difficult political transition.
Yemen is experiencing a tough political transition since President Ali Abdullah Saleh was ousted in Feb. 2012 after a year of deadly protests against his 33-year rule.
Myriad of challenges
The interim government is currently facing myriad of challenges. It is grappling with southern secessionists, al-Qaeda-linked militants and northern Houthi rebels, as well as economic issues inherited from Saleh’s rule.
While AQAP could be the culprit behind the deadly attack, independent parliamentarian Abdulaziz Jabari said it would be difficult to make out those responsible due to the large amount of rival factions in the country.
“There are terrorist organizations in Yemen, but there are also competing political factions, especially now that the dialogue talks are ending, there are some dissatisfied groups that could be behind this,” Jabari told Al Arabiya News.
However, Zindani also said that more evidence is needed to confirm whether AQAP was behind the attack, describing Yemen as “complex,” with the areas of conflict widening.
“Last year, disfranchised military men from Saleh’s regime clashed with security officers in the defense ministry,” he said.
“But definitely, the groups behind the attacks don’t want to see reconciliation happening.”SHOW MORE