Charged with the arduous task of creating an all-inclusive government, Iraqi Prime Minister-designate Haidar al-Abadi must endorse the establishment of a decentralized federal state in order to dissuade the country’s Kurds from declaring their long-sought dream of independence, analysts said.
“The Kurds want to be treated as real partners in a federal system; until now understanding the need for federalism is still wobbly,” UK-based Ghassan Attiyah, president of the Iraqi Foundation for Development and Democracy, told Al Arabiya News.
“The future of Kurdistan in Iraq all depends on the new government, the representation of Kurds within it and the nature of new coalitions,” Attiyah, who is the author of “The Making of Iraq: 1908-20,”said.
In the balance is not just the future of the Kurdish north, Attiyah said.
“If the new government formed by Abadi is not able to secure consensus then it is not just a question of the future of Kurdistan but also the future of the whole of Iraq,” he said.
A federal state, Attiyah added, would also help ensure the representation of Iraq’s Sunni population, a group that was marginalized throughout the period of outgoing Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki's rule.
For Abadi to weaken the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria, a radical Sunni militant group that has seized significant Iraqi territories since June this year, the 62-year-old leader will need to “consider his rule as a provisional one and to ensure that the different posts in the government are given to people who are highly respected in their different regions,” Attiyah advised.
George Joffe, a research fellow at the Centre of International Studies at Cambridge University, said that although a new prime minister in Iraq was now a “fact,” the underlying policies in Baghdad had not changed and hence they would unlikely dissuade the Kurds from seeking independence.
Joffe said having a figure such as Abadi, an engineer, might create “more discussions, less tensions and a possibility to rebuild some political consensus inside Iraq but will not change Kurdish objectives.”
نستخدم ملفات الكوكيز لنسهل عليك استخدام مواقعنا الإلكترونية ونكيف المحتوى والإعلانات وفقا لمتطلباتك واحتياجاتك الخاصة، لتوفير ميزات وسائل التواصل الاجتماعية ولتحليل حركة المرور لدينا...اعرف أكثر