After gaining control of much of Iraq and Syria, ISIS and other extremists committed grave atrocities and international human rights violations against minorities, including perhaps the most extreme of all, the genocide that was perpetrated against Yazidis, Christians, and Shiites.
An Iraqi Kurd flies his powered parachute during the Watercraft festival on August 25, 2017, at lake Darband in Raniya district, 70 km east of Erbil. (AFP)
A Kurdish man decorates a car with a poster bearing the image of Iraq’s Kurdistan region’s President Massoud Barzani, urging people to vote in the independence referendum, in Erbil, Iraq, September 5, 2017. (Reuters)
Charter of demands
Iraqi Kurds arrive to cast their votes in the Kurdish independence referendum at a polling station in Erbil, on September 25, 2017. (AFP)