The Baath party as we understand it does not even exist in Syria to begin with, so the recent change in leadership doesn’t really make a difference. The so-called leaders of the party are no more than puppets used by the regime to achieve its aims. The entire party is merely used to cover up the acts of a military regime. After staging a coup against the government in 1963, the party became majorly sectarian. After that, Hafez al-Assad dominated the leadership and established a balancing act that depended on several factors, such as placing Sunnis in the suburbs in a confrontation with Sunnis in the cities. The backbone of the regime, the security forces, remained under his personal control and under the control of his Alawite entourage.
The formula of governance
What's at stake is Syria's future and not the Baath party’s. The party and its slogans belong to the past.Khairallah Khairallah
The crime of extending Lebanese president Emile Lahoud's term in 2004 (aided by Syria) despite issuing U.N. Security Council Resolution 1559 was nothing more than a natural extension of this new relation between the Iranian and the Syrian regimes.
Extending Lahoud's term was followed by crimes in Lebanon- including the assassination of former premier Rafiq Hariri. Iranian-Syrian collaboration and involvement in Lebanon escalated, creating the current situation of the direct intervention of Hezbollah - an Iranian militia with Lebanese members - in the bloody war the regime has waged against its people for two years and five months.
Whether the leadership of the Baath Party in Syria changes or not, there’s a set formula of governance in the country. . The importance of this formula, in which the Iranian party has the final word, increases with time. The longer the war continues, the more the Syrian regime depends on Iran and on Russian arms. The original incarnation of the Baath party is history. It was the dream of some idealistic men who wanted to reproduce the experiences of the West, repackaged with Arab slogans.