On Feb. 10, 2014, Yemen agreed to create a federation with six regions as President Abdrabuh Mansour Hadi struggles to stop the country from falling apart. Ever since the Arab Spring of 2011, ethnic strife, religious disputes, tribalism and al-Qaeda- linked groups are threatening to tear the country apart. After months of meetings between the March 2013 National Dialogue, a body supported by the GCC and the international community at large, a potential solution may have been found. What Yemen is trying to do is to appease a number of different grievances in the country by forming a federal system. A federal system may provide the necessary structure to end the multiple political, tribal and ethnic differences that are causing instability in the country. But the road ahead is long and in Yemen’s already fractured society, the road towards a Yemen federation may be bloody before the situation stabilizes—if it does at all.
What is a federation?
Is Yemeni federalism really an answer or a tourniquet to the country’s myriad problems?Dr. Theodore Karasik