Misleading slogans were popular at the beginning of the 1980s that marked the worst turns in the region’s history and led to the political deterioration which has lasted until today. If terrorism had been contained during that phase, it may have not given birth to groups like al-Qaeda and ISIS.
Eleven months after the assassination of Egyptian President Anwar al-Sadat, Lebanese president-elect Bachir Gemayel was killed in Beirut. Bachir was 34 years old. He was an ambitious and frank leader confronting fierce powers led by Syria whose troops had occupied Lebanon for more than 7 years. The Palestinian Liberation Organization and rival factions shared controlling Lebanon with Syria after they were expelled from Jordan. Iran was working on developing a foothold for itself in Lebanon as during that bloody year, it inaugurated a party called Hezbollah that will later dominate the country and surrounding areas. Sadat’s murderers belonged to the armed Gama'a Islamiyya while Bachir’s assassin was a Christian who belonged to the Syrian Social Nationalist Party. Sadat and Bachir were killed because the regimes of the Steadfastness and Confrontation Front wanted to obstruct the peace process. The Steadfastness and Confrontation Front was formed to confront Sadat’s announcement that he plans to make peace. Iraq’s Saddam, Syria’s Assad and Libya’s Qaddafi competed over leading this violent front and Algeria, South Yemen and the PLO were also part of it.
Amid these circumstances, Arab extremist governments played the role of today’s terrorist organizations or used groups that were called “liberal.” Bachir’s assassin Habib Shartouni was a mere tool in the hands of the Syrian regime which viewed Bachir’s election as a challenge to its political and military presence in Lebanon. Shartouni was detained after committing the assassination and he was jailed for 8 years but Syrian forces freed him when they later seized control of almost the entire country.
نستخدم ملفات الكوكيز لنسهل عليك استخدام مواقعنا الإلكترونية ونكيف المحتوى والإعلانات وفقا لمتطلباتك واحتياجاتك الخاصة، لتوفير ميزات وسائل التواصل الاجتماعية ولتحليل حركة المرور لدينا...اعرف أكثر