In recent years, jihadists born in dozens of countries worldwide from Albania to Zimbabwe have joined extremist groups operating in the Levant. Since ISIS lost its strongholds in Mosul and Raqqa last year, security apparatuses across several continents have been deeply concerned about the threat of their own citizens, who became further radicalized, highly-trained, disciplined, and battle-hardened in Iraq and Syria, returning home to wage terrorism.
Protecting China’s Eurasian frontier
Jihadist factions in Xinjiang and beyond have exploited such perceptions of oppression and human rights abuses to radicalize more marginalized Muslims in northwestern China. Such transregional terrorists will continue to do so as Beijing’s “security state” in Xinjiang imposes further restrictions on Uighur life.Giorgio Cafiero