In the 12th century, the intellectual conflict among scholars and philosophers had peaked. With a surfeit of translations in the field of science, philosophy and logic, the realm of human knowledge underwent crucial transformations, as debate, polemic and the language used to address facts changed and the means for making interpretation expanded. It was necessary for philosophers to defend themselves against a plethora of accusations. Averroes played an important role in this battle. He not only took on al-Ghazali but also addressed all the jurisprudential schools that viewed philosophy as heresy and as a diversion from religion.
Averroes on religion
The teaching of philosophy does not destroy faith and does not defy religion. In fact, if it weren’t for logic and the study of philosophy, many of the fields of Sharia, such as the principles of ‘fiqh’, the purposes of Sharia and the forms of interpretations wouldn’t have grown. Husserl said that the philosopher carries in his expression of a specific meaning a silent experience.Fahad Suleiman Shoqiran