The Saudi-Yemeni conflict was not interrupted for long during the nine decades of the Saudi kingdom’s age. During this long period of time of more than one generation that witnessed consecutive wars, battles and political crises, the latter were always resolved via treaties, agreements and even customs, and Yemen always concluded with positive results.
Beginning with the 1934 Taif Treaty, two years after the kingdom was unified, the Yemeni citizen was granted the citizens’ privileges, in terms of permanent residency, freedom of movement, work and ownership and did not lose this important merit until after their country supported the 1990 invasion of Kuwait. During the 60 years of neighborliness, no problem obstructed the kingdom from supporting Yemen and resisting any political or military intervention that harms the country’s stability and journey.
During these decades, Saudi Arabia stabilized as an entity of a kingdom since 1932 while Yemen lived a tense political situation as a result of coups, assassinations and clear political and military interferences which manifested in different facets during different phases in Yemen, and which in fact had Saudi Arabia as their main target.
An example is a coup which Gamal Abdelnasser supported in 1962 against the monarchy to replace a present legitimate regime with a military republican regime. This was part of the “Nasserist project” to export the revolution to Saudi Arabia.
Khamenei today seeks to repeat what Abdelnasser did yesterday. Riyadh saw it was the first target and Yemen’s ruler – Imam – resorted to Saudi Arabia to launch the battle to restore his rule and based these efforts on the Taif Treaty as the kingdom’s founder pledged him support and protection.
Abdelnasser sent an army of 70,000 soldiers to Yemen but his ugly defeat in 1967 against Israel and his army’s defeats in many battles in Yemen and on Saudi Arabia’s borders pushed him to withdraw and reconcile with Saudi Arabia at the Khartoum Summit. It was positive results for Yemen as the Joint Coordination Council was established and the largest campaign of developmental projects in the country’s history was launched.
نستخدم ملفات الكوكيز لنسهل عليك استخدام مواقعنا الإلكترونية ونكيف المحتوى والإعلانات وفقا لمتطلباتك واحتياجاتك الخاصة، لتوفير ميزات وسائل التواصل الاجتماعية ولتحليل حركة المرور لدينا...اعرف أكثر