India steps up Kashmir patrols and weighs response to attack it blames on Pakistan

Kashmir, divided between India and Pakistan since 1947, is at the heart of the rivalry between the neighbors

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India stepped up patrols along its de facto border with Pakistan on Monday after gunmen killed 17 soldiers at a nearby army base, as Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s administration weighed its response to an attack India blames on its neighbor.

The assault, in which four commando-style gunmen burst into the brigade headquarters in Uri at 5.30 a.m. (midnight GMT) on Sunday, was among the deadliest in Kashmir and has sharply ratcheted up tension between the nuclear-armed rivals.

Indian Home Minister Rajnath Singh on Sunday called Pakistan “a terrorist state” and Lieutenant General Ranbir Singh said troops were “ready to give a befitting response”, without elaborating.

Pakistan denies any role and accused India of apportioning blame before it had properly investigated.

Kashmir, divided between India and Pakistan since 1947, is at the heart of the rivalry between the neighbors. Two of their three wars since independence from Britain have been fought over the region.

India’s options to hit back at Pakistan appeared limited, as they carry the risk of escalation. India held back from military retaliation when a Pakistan-based group killed 166 people in a 2008 rampage through Mumbai for fear of igniting a broader conflict and opted instead for a diplomatic offensive to isolate Islamabad.

An attack on another Indian base near the border in January also drew a measured response, but the casualty toll was lower than in Sunday’s raid.

The concern is that Modi’s government has several times signaled a lower threshold for retaliating against attacks from Pakistan than the previous Congress government, which adopted a policy of “strategic restraint”.

Modi held talks with leaders of his Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) at a cabinet meeting to discuss security lapses and how to respond.

“Our first priority is to fortify every defense base and it is shocking that one of our strategic locations was hit,” a senior aide told Reuters. “It has exposed the flaws and the weakness of our security infrastructure and an immediate overhaul is the first job on hand.”

Indian troops searched three ravines that cut across the border in mountainous terrain near Uri, which a senior army official said they believe the militants sneaked across.

Reinforcements were also sent to patrol one of the world’s most heavily militarized frontiers, where Indian and Pakistani forces in places stand eyeball to eyeball and sometimes exchange fire, the army official said.

As well as the 17 confirmed dead, army officials said three of the critically wounded had been flown to an army hospital in New Delhi. Most of dead and wounded suffered severe burns after their tents and temporary shelters caught fire from incendiary ammunition while they were sleeping.