Kuwait’s Emir said it would lend $1 billion and commit a further $1 billion of investments to Iraq, joining a group of international backers that have this week pledged funds to bolster the country’s recovery.
Donors and investors have gathered in Kuwait to discuss efforts to rebuild Iraq’s economy and infrastructure as it emerges from a devastating conflict with ISIS militants who seized almost a third of the country.
“Kuwait will earmark $1 billion in loans to Iraq and will commit to another $1 billion as investments,” Emir Sheikh Sabah al-Ahmad al-Jaber al-Sabah told an international conference on Wednesday.
Minutes later, the European Union’s foreign policy chief Federica Mogherini said the bloc would invest 400 million euros, in addition to individual contributions from member states.
The United States said on Tuesday it was extending a $3 billion credit line but has not provided any direct government assistance. International NGOs have so far pledged $330 million in humanitarian assistance.
Those sums are dwarfed by the more than $88 billion that Iraqi officials have said it will cost to rebuild the country after three years of war, with housing a particular priority.
Iraq, which still owes Kuwait reparations from the Gulf War, declared victory over ISIS in December, having taken back all the territory the militant group captured in 2014 and 2015. Its fighters have also been largely defeated in neighboring Syria.
On Wednesday, the United Nations launched a two-year Recovery and Resilience program designed to help Iraq’s government fast-track the social dimensions of reconstruction.
“It will revitalize areas that are at risk of violence, and support broad political participation and inclusive social development,” UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres said.
“The ...program will help those who have suffered most.”
The reconstruction conference is taking place two weeks before Kuwait celebrates its Liberation Day from Iraq.
Iraq invaded in 1990, leading to defeat by a US-led coalition and more than a decade of sanctions.
Iraq’s reparations payments were suspended in 2014 after the ISIS takeover but have resumed, and Baghdad is set to hand over 0.5 percent of its oil proceeds in 2018 and escalate annually until the end of 2021 in order to pay off a remaining $4.6 billion owed to Kuwait.