Deaths, refugees and damage: Syria’s crisis in figures

Syria’s conflict started in March 2011 with a peaceful protest for reform

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More than 130,000 people have been killed, at least 500,000 wounded, millions uprooted and the economy devastated in Syria’s nearly three-year conflict.

Key figures follow on the casualties and damage in the conflict, which started in March 2011 with peaceful protests for reform that soon escalated into all-out civil war after they were brutally repressed.

U.N. Secretary General Ban Ki-moon told the Syria donors conference in Kuwait on Wednesday that nearly half of Syria's population needs urgent humanitarian help as the situation deteriorates.

According to the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights at least 130,000 people have been killed since March 2011 on both sides of the conflict. The year 2013 was the deadliest, with 73,000 fatalities.

The toll from the Britain-based group includes 46,266 civilians, 29,083 rebel fighters and 52,290 loyalist forces, including pro-regime militias.

Among the civilians are 4,600 women and 7,000 children, according to the Observatory.

The number of refugees in neighboring countries has grown fourfold in a year, from 588,000 end 2012 to 2.4 million in late 2013 according to the UN.

More than 905,000 of them are in Lebanon, a country of some 4.5 million people.

An additional 575,000 refugees are in Jordan, 562,000 in Turkey, 216,000 in Iraq and 145,000 in Egypt, according to U.N. figures.

The International Committee of the Red Cross has warned the situation in Syria is “catastrophic,” urging greater field access for aid.

U.N. humanitarian chief Valerie Amos has said some 245,000 Syrians are living under siege in their own country and are facing severe difficulties including gaining access to foodstuffs.

According to aid agencies, 10.5 million Syrians are food insecure or severely food insecure, over a million children under five suffer from acute or severe malnutrition, about half the population has no access to adequate water sources or sanitation facilities and 8.6 million have insufficient access to healthcare.

“Almost every Syrian is affected by the crisis, with a 45 percent fall in GDP and a currency which has lost 80 percent of its value,” Amos said.

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