U.S., Turkey to launch anti-ISIS air operations
Detailed talks between Washington and Ankara on the plans were completed on Sunday
Turkey and the United States will soon launch “comprehensive” air operations to flush Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) fighters from a zone in northern Syria bordering Turkey, Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu told Reuters on Monday.
Detailed talks between Washington and Ankara on the plans were completed on Sunday.
“The technical talks have been concluded, yesterday, and soon we will start this operation, comprehensive operations, against Daesh (ISIS),” he said.
The United States and Turkey plan to provide air cover for what Washington judges to be moderate Syrian rebels as part of the operations, which aim to flush ISIS from a rectangle of border territory roughly 80 kilometers long, officials familiar with the plans have said.
Diplomats say cutting ISIS’s access to the Turkish border, across which it has been able to bring foreign fighters and supplies, could be a game-changer. U.S. jets have already begun air strikes from Turkish bases in advance of the campaign.
Cavusoglu said the operations would also send a message to President Bashar al-Assad and help put pressure on his administration to come to the negotiating table and seek a political solution for Syria’s wider war.
Ankara has long argued that lasting peace in Syria can only be achieved with Assad’s departure. U.S. officials, meanwhile, have made clear that the focus of the coalition operations will be squarely on pushing back ISIS.
“Our aim should be eradicating Daesh from both Syria and Iraq, otherwise you cannot bring stability and security ... But eliminating the root causes of the situation (in Syria) is also essential, which is the regime of course,” Cavusoglu said.
He also made clear that Syrian Kurdish PYD militia forces, which have proved a useful ally on the ground for Washington as it launched air strikes on ISIS elsewhere in Syria, would not have a role in the “safe zone” that the joint operations aim to create, unless they changed their policies.
Additionally, regional allies including Saudi Arabia, Qatar and Jordan, as well as Britain and France may also take part, Cavusoglu said.
Ankara is concerned that the PYD and its allies aim to unite Kurdish cantons in northern Syria and fear those ambitions will stoke separatist sentiment among its own Kurds.
“Yes, the PYD has been fighting Daesh ... But the PYD is not fighting for the territorial integrity or political unity of Syria. This is unacceptable,” Cavusoglu said.
“We prefer that the moderate opposition forces actually control the safe zone, or Daesh-free areas, in the northern part of Syria, not the PYD, unless they change their policies radically in that sense.”
Both Ankara and Washington had given this message directly to the PYD, he said.
PKK strikes to continue
Turkey’s relations with the PYD, whose forces control territory on the eastern fringe of the proposed safe zone, are complicated by what officials in Ankara say are the group’s deep ties with the Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK), which has fought an insurgency against Turkey for three decades.
Cavusoglu said Turkey’s military operations against PKK targets in northern Iraq and southeastern Turkey, where Ankara has been carrying out air strikes over the past month, would continue until the group laid down its weapons.
The government says it launched the action against the PKK in response to an escalation in attacks on members of the security forces. Cavusoglu said 61 soldiers and police officers had been killed by the group in recent months and that the military action would continue until it laid down its weapons.
Critics say Turkey is using what it calls its “synchronized war on terror”, including its greater role in the U.S.-led coalition against Islamic State, as a cover to attack the PKK and try to stem Kurdish political and territorial ambitions.
Ankara denies those accusations.
Diplomatic sources told Reuters on Friday that a second group of rebel fighters trained in Turkey by the U.S.-led coalition could be deployed to Syria within weeks as part of the strategy to push back the ISIS.
The al Qaeda-linked Nusra Front said late last month it had detained some of a first group of less than 60 weeks after they were deployed, and warned others to abandon the program, highlighting the fragility of the program.
“In the second group we have around 100 (fighters),” Cavusoglu said, but made clear that the ground forces were only part of the strategy.
“The train and equip program (alone) will not be enough to fight Daesh, that is why we agreed with the United States to start joint operations soon,” he said.
Asked whether Iran’s improving relations with West in the wake of its nuclear deal could help the prospects of a diplomatic solution in Syria, Cavusoglu was cautious.
“We are very happy to see that Iran has been normalizing its diplomatic ties with many Western countries ... Iran has better dialogue with many Western countries and that is what Turkey fully supports,” he said, noting Britain’s reopening on Sunday of its embassy in Tehran.
“But the situation in Syria, or in the region including Yemen and Iraq, is totally different to the nuclear deal. What we expect from Iran is a more constructive role in Syria and Iraq, and in Yemen,” Cavusoglu said.
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