Despite international efforts to deter Houthi militias in Yemen since their takeover of Sanaa in March 2015, Iran has been repeatedly accused of continuing to back the group.
And with pro-government forces reclaiming two-thirds of Yemen, Iran’s involvement in arming and training Houthi militias has been highlighted by regional and Western sources.
This is what coalition leaders highlighted in one of their documents, as well as stating that Hezbollah members are supervising the training of the rebels.
Iran’s peaked support has come in the midst of the rising defeat of the Houthis on battlefronts and their recent strong disagreements with ousted President Saleh.
This caused Iran to supply the militias with more long-range ballistic missiles that were smuggled into the country, according to Gulf observers.
These were allegedly the same missiles used to attack Saudi land, as well as in a failed attempt to attack Mecca recently.
A London-based Conflict Armament Research report released in March 2017 also revealed the militias are using Iranian aerial drone technology.
According to the report, the Houthis were supplied with unmanned drones, named Qasef-1. The militias had alleged that they had built these drones, however it was later discovered that they appeared to be a type within the Ababil-II family of Iran’s UAVs.
Remotely controlled explosive boats were used in several operations against international monitoring and relief ships belonging to Arab coalition forces. These also came from Iran, according to the coalition, but were not used until nine months after the war had started.
The longer this war continues, the longer Iran is accused of being in violation of UN Security Council resolution number 2216, which condemns sending arms to Houthi militias and forces allied to Saleh.