Who are the Egyptians on third wanted list released by the Anti-Terror Quartet?

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The counter-terror quartet comprising Saudi Arabia, Egypt, the United Arab Emirates and Bahrain announced on Thursday a third terrorism list which includes two entities and 11 individuals.

The list included five Egyptians belonging to the Muslim Brotherhood - Mohamed Jamal Ahmed Heshmat Abdel Hamid, Mahmoud Ezzat Ibrahim Issa, Yehia Ibrahim Mohamed Moussa, Kadri Mohamed Fahmy Mahmoud El Sheikh and Alaa Ali Ali Mohamed El Samahy.

Following are the full information about these five individuals:

Mahmoud Ezzat

He is the current leader of the group after the imprisonment of Mohammed Badie, and was born on August 13, 1944. Ezzat joined the group in 1962 and was sentenced to 10 years until he left prison in 1974. He completed his medical studies and started working at the University of Sana’a in 1981.

He then traveled to England for several years and was elected to the Guidance Office in 1981.

Ezzat was arrested several times, and after the arrest of the group’s leader, Muhammad Badie, on August 20, 2013, the Brotherhood appointed him as acting leader.

He had escaped from Egypt after the revolution of June 30, 2013, and his presence was reported from several European countries and in Gaza. In 2015, he issued a statement through the media threatening the Egyptian government.

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On August 30, Cairo court decided to include 296 Brotherhood members on a terrorist list for three years from the date of the decision. The court also confirmed that the leaders of the organization inside and outside, headed by Mahmoud Ezzat, had decided to form a military wing with the aim of overthrowing the state, and in coordination with another terrorist organization to target Christians.

Mahmoud Ezzat and Jamal Heshmat. (Supplied)
Mahmoud Ezzat and Jamal Heshmat. (Supplied)

Mohamed Gamal Heshmat

One of the Muslim Brotherhood leaders, he was born in the city of Damanhour in 1956 and graduated from the Faculty of Medicine, Alexandria University in 1980.

He was a member of the parliament for two sessions and held positions within it, during the Muslim Brotherhood era and fled from Egypt after the end of Rabaa sit-in.

Heshmat is one of the accused fugitives and sentenced to death in the case of the ‘assassination’ of the Attorney-General Hisham Barakat.

On August 31, the Cairo Criminal Court decided to include him in the lists of terrorists.

Yahya al-Sayyed Musa

A doctor with a master’s degree in joint and spine diseaseshe owned a clinic in East Cairo. He was a member of the Guidance Bureau of the Muslim Brotherhood. He also worked as a teacher at the Al-Azhar University Medical School.

After the Brotherhood took power, he joined the Health Minister’s Office in November 2012. He was officially appointed to the post of spokesperson in February 2013, and then fled to Turkey after the end of Rabaa sit-in.

He is one of those involved in the planning of the assassination of the former Attorney General and “praised” the action.

Qadri Mohamed Fahmy Mahmoud El Sheikh

He is the sixth defendant in the case of the assassination of former Attorney General Barakat, and one of the most prominent leaders of the Muslim Brotherhood and is currently residing in Turkey after his escape from Egypt, following the breakup of the Rabaa sit-in.

He is among the planners of the bombing of the headquarters of telecom companies, which were carried out in order to create chaos during an economic conference and he appears in the official lists of terrorists.

Alaa Al Samahi

He is one of the leaders of the Brotherhood who fled from Egypt after the breakup of the Rabaa sit-in.

Samahi established several terrorist groups affiliated with the group, such as Sawa’ad-Misr and the Revolutionary Brigade, and camouflaged his terrorist operations .

Among the operations were the attempted assassination of the former Mufti Ali Gomaa, the Assistant Attorney-General and the Director of the Judicial Inspection Department of the Attorney-General office.

One of the elements involved in the incidents, Mohammed al-Said, admitted that Samahi took charge of the group’s terrorist groups and was receiving $100,000 a month to manage and fund the violence in Egypt.

This was first published in Arabic.