A list has revealed the 12 militias supported by Iran, according to Arab observers and Gulf states who have accused Tehran of supporting armed groups around the world to interfere militarily in the region.
Several of these militia groups have also publicly acknowledged Iran’s support.
Lebanon’s Hezbollah has openly admitted to being funded by Iran, while Shiite paramilitary brigades in Iraq have frequently been visited by Iranian army officials. Meanwhile, a UN report recently found that Iranian missiles were being provided to Houthi militias to launch attacks on Saudi Arabia.
Militias supported by Iran in at least nine countries include:
1. Hezbollah in Lebanon
2. Hezbollah Brigades in Iraq
3. Hezbollah al-Nujaba in Iraq
4. Asa'ib Ahl al-Haq in Iraq
5. Badr Organization in Iraq
6. Liwa Abu al-Fadhal al-Abbas in Iraq
7. Hezbollah al-Hejaz in Saudi Arabia
8. Houthis (Ansarullah) in Yemen
9. Liwa Fatemiyoun in Afghanistan
10. Islamic Front for the Liberation of Bahrain
11. Islamic Movement (under the guidance of Sheikh Ibraheem Zakzaky) in Nigeria
12. Muhammad's Army in Pakistan
Many of the militias in Asia have had a strong presence in Iraq and Syria in recent years.
Liwa Fatemiyoun, composed of Afghan “volunteer” recruits, has been fighting in Syria for five years, said Zohair Mojahed, a cultural official in the brigade.
“This brigade has given more than 2,000 martyrs and 8,000 wounded for Islam,” he said in a recent interview.