Washington on Monday accused Iraqi authorities of having failed to “protect” US interests, the day after deadly American air strikes against a pro-Iran group sparked anger.
At least 25 fighters were killed in Sunday night’s attacks, which were in retaliation for the death last week of a US civilian contractor.
“We have warned the Iraqi government many times, and we’ve shared information with them to try to work with them to carry out their responsibility to protect us as their invited guests,” a senior US State Department official told reporters in Washington.
He noted that the US military and diplomats are in the country “upon the invitation of the Iraqi government.”
“So it’s their responsibility and duty to protect us. And they have not taken the appropriate steps to do so,” he said, speaking on condition of anonymity.
Multiple attacks have in recent weeks targeted Iraq bases where Americans are present. The United States has blamed the attacks on pro-Iran factions.
On Sunday, the US-led air strikes targeted several bases belonging Kataib Hezbollah militia, one of the most radical factions of Hashed al-Shaabi, a Tehran-backed Iraqi paramilitary coalition.
The strikes “killed 25 and wounded 51,” according to the Hashed, which holds major sway in Iraq.
The attack was in retaliation for the death Friday of a US civilian contractor in Kirkuk in a Hezbollah Brigades rocket attack.
The attacks “force Iraq to review its relations and its security, political and legal framework to protect its sovereignty,” the government said in a statement.
The warning came as demonstrators torched US flags in the Shiite-dominated southern cities of Basra and Najaf, and in Kirkuk north of Baghdad, while lawmakers called for US troops to be booted out of Iraq.
“We have frequent and robust exchanges with the Iraqi government about these threats,” the State Department official said on Monday. “We absolutely told them that we were going to be taking action against” Friday’s attack.