The coming six weeks are crucial for the future of Lebanon, French President Emmanuel Macron told reporters in Beirut during an official visit to the country reeling from last month's deadly port blast and rising sectarian tensions.
Macron said he was ready to host an international conference on how to help Lebanon in mid-October.
Lebanese politicians, some former warlords who have overseen decades of industrial-scale state corruption, face a daunting task with an economy in crisis, a swathe of Beirut in tatters after the August 4 port blast and sectarian tensions rising.
Watch: French Air Force jets perform a display over #Lebanon's mountainous Jaj village during a visit to the country by French President Emmanuel #Macron and to mark 100 years since the establishment of the State of Great Lebanon.https://t.co/18o5aMU724 pic.twitter.com/h70slZegKB— Al Arabiya English (@AlArabiya_Eng) September 1, 2020
French President Emmanuel Macron also said the “truth of the numbers” in the Lebanese banking system needed to be known so that judicial action could be taken, saying the country was suffering a banking and central banking crisis.
“There is today a Lebanese central banking crisis, a Lebanese banking system in crisis. A lot of funds were likely taken out,” Macron said in comments while on the visit.
“Today everything is blocked and Lebanon can no longer finance itself, so there needs to be an audit ... there is likely money that has been diverted. So we need to know the truth of the numbers and then that judicial actions are taken,” he said.
Macron visits Lebanon
Macron's visit is his second since the colossal August 4 blast in Beirut port killed more than 180 people, wounded at least 6,500, and ravaged swathes of the capital.
The explosion compounded Lebanon's worst economic crisis since the 1975-1990 civil war, with a UN agency warning on Sunday that more than half of the population risk a food crisis by the end of the year.
On August 9, the international community pledged 252.7 million euros (around $300 million) in emergency aid at a video conference jointly organised by France and the United Nations.
The international community promised to stand by Lebanon but demanded that its aid be distributed directly to the needy instead of through the government.
"We have to focus in the next six weeks on the emergency," Macron said on Tuesday of the port blast which caused up to $4.6 billion worth of damage and a blow to economic activity of up to $3.5 billion, according to a World Bank assessment.
He said work going forward would be "under very firm coordination with the United Nations, so we can again ask for support from all the different states."
Protesters call out corrupt political elite
Protesters who have taken to the streets since October last year regard Lebanon's entire political class as inept and corrupt.
They blame it for the explosion, which was caused by a stockpile of ammonium nitrate fertiliser that had languished in the port for years.
Antoine Zoghbi, president of the Lebanese Red Cross, told Macron on Tuesday that international assistance to Lebanon needed to be improved.
"We see planes arriving but we do not know where the aid is going," Zoghbi said. "Eighty per cent of the medication arriving in Lebanon is not suited" to needs on the ground.