Residents of Syria’s opposition-held northwest may lose access to critical aid within weeks if the UN Security Council does not extend authorization for cross-border deliveries, which expires Sunday, officials said.
UN aid deliveries through the Bab al-Hawa crossing on the Syrian-Turkish border could halt as of midnight after Russia on Friday vetoed a Security Council resolution that would have extended it by one year.
The council’s non-permanent members may propose a nine-month extension to try to break the impasse, but as of Sunday morning no new agreement had been reached, threatening to upend assistance to more than two million people.
“Until today, we have no information on the mechanism that will be put in place in the coming period,” said Mazen Allouch, an official at the Bab al-Hawa crossing.
“Aid groups that are partnered with the UN and that operate in liberated areas have an emergency response plan” in case the UN mandate is not extended, he said, referring to parts of Syria still under opposition control.
But their supplies are expected to last only a little “over one month,” he added.
The Bab al-Hawa crossing was closed for a second consecutive day on Sunday due to the Muslim Eid al-Adha holiday.
When it reopens on Wednesday, it will continue to allow civilians and non-UN relief convoys to cross, including those sent by Turkish aid groups and other international aid organizations, Allouch said.
But senior UN officials and relief workers have repeatedly stressed that such aid deliveries cannot substitute the scope and scale of UN cross-border operations.
The cross-border mechanism at Bab al-Hawa -- in place since 2014 -- is the only way UN assistance can be brought into the rebel-held northwest without navigating areas controlled by Syrian government forces.
More than 4,600 aid trucks, carrying mostly food, have crossed Bab al-Hawa so far this year, helping some 2.4 million people, according to the UN’s Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA).
“If aid deliveries are diverted through regime (areas) then we will effectively be besieged,” said Abu Mohammad, a displaced Syrian living in a camp in northern Idlib.
“They want to starve us and bring us down to our knees,” the 45-year-old father of four told AFP.
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