65,000 rights complaints filed to Tunisia ‘truth panel’
A total of 13,000 women were among those who filed complaint
A panel tasked with uncovering the truth about human rights violations under Tunisia’s autocratic rulers before its 2011 revolution said Friday it has received 65,000 complaints.
The Truth and Dignity Commission has tracked abuses committed between July 1955 -- just a year before Tunisia gained its independence from France -- and December 2013 when the fact-finding body was set up.
The period effectively covers the rules of prime ministers Habib Bourguiba, that of his successor Zine El Abidine Ben Ali ousted in the 2011 uprising, and the first post-revolutionary governments.
Commission head Sihem Bensedrine told a news conference they had received a slew of complaints including of “torture... arbitrary detentions... physical abuse... violations of freedom of speech”.
Some plaintiffs charged that they had been denied the right to work while others said they had been prevented from getting a fair trial.
“The violation of freedom of expression is almost always there,” said Bensedrine.
She said the plaintiffs came from all walks of life, including Islamists heavily repressed under Ben Ali, opposition parties, activists, non-governmental organisations and union members.
A total of 13,000 women were among those who filed complaints, she said.
Members of the Amazigh Berber minority and Tunisia’s Jewish community also filed complaints claiming religious, cultural or ethnic discrimination, she said.
The commission, which has full access to state archives, aims to identify those responsible for abuses, make them accountable and to rehabilitate and compensate victims.
Its remit covers violations of human rights -- notably voluntary homicide, rape, extrajudicial executions and torture -- by “state bodies, groups or individuals acting in its name or under its protection”.
The commission, comprising human rights activists and representatives of victim groups, was one of the first bodies set up under a Transitional Justice Law passed in 2013.