Malaysia’s newly-elected Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad said on Friday that the country’s monarch has indicated that he was willing to grant full royal pardon to jailed politician Anwar Ibrahim immediately.
The Southeast Asian nation’s political landscape has been shaped for decades by a bitter feud between Anwar and Mahathir, whose decision to sack Anwar as his deputy sparked an opposition movement, Reformasi, or Reform, in 1998.
Mahathir said the king indicated he was willing to pardon Anwar immediately. A full pardon by the king would mean Anwar can return to active politics.
“It is going to be a full pardon, which means not only pardoned, but he is released immediately and after that he will be free to participate fully in politics”, Mahathir told reporters a day after he was sworn to office following his alliance’s shock win in Wednesday’s election.
Mahathir said he will announce a cabinet on Saturday that would include himself, Anwar’s wife Wan Azizah Wan Ismail, and 10 others, including the ministers for finance, foreign affairs, defence and home affairs.
“Whether Anwar will be part of the cabinet or not will be decided when the time comes,” he said.
Before the election, Mahathir had said he would step down and give the prime minister’s post to Anwar when he is pardoned. He has said Wan Azizah will be the deputy prime minister in his cabinet.
In 2016, Mahathir abandoned the long-ruling Barisan Nasional (BN) coalition, and joined Anwar’s opposition alliance to fight against scandal-hit former premier Najib Razak.
Mahathir who is 92 -year-old, is considered the world’s oldest elected leader.
Anwar, 70, was due to be released on June 8 with time taken off his sentence for good behaviour. He began a five-year sentence for sodomy in 2015, a charge he and his supporters say was politically motivated.
Malaysian markets were closed and will reopen on Monday, but overseas investors were nervous about Najib’s ouster after a decade in office.
Mahathir said his government would look into measures to stabilize the ringgit, and talk to departments on what could be done.
He added that his government’s initial policies would focus on fulfilling promises made in the alliance’s manifesto, including the abolition of a goods and services tax (GST).
“In the case of foreign affairs, we want to maintain good relations with all countries regardless of their policies,” he said. “We do not want to favor any country, we want to ensure that the market for Malaysia is as large as possible.”
Mahathir has vowed to reassure financial markets and return billions of dollars lost in a graft scandal at state fund 1Malaysia Development Berhad (1MDB), which was a major factor in the election and in the ouster of Najib, Mahathir’s predecessor and former protégé.
The new prime minister said the country’s attorney general was wrong to clear Najib in the 1MDB probe in 2016.
“He, in fact, has hidden evidence of wrongdoing, and that is wrong in law. We have to do what is permitted by the laws of this country,” Mahathir said.
Mahathir, dubbed the “Father of Modern Malaysia” during his previous 22 years in power until 2003, was known for his strong-arm, sometimes pugnacious style of rule, marked by an intolerance for dissent. But he was also credited for transforming his Southeast Asian country from a sleepy backwater into a modern industrialized nation.