India’s BJP quits coalition in Kashmir, could use more ‘muscular policy’

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India’s governing Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) quit the ruling coalition in Jammu and Kashmir state on Tuesday and called for federal control over the disputed Himalayan region, citing a deterioration in security that could herald a new crackdown.

The Hindu nationalist BJP entered into an unlikely alliance with a regional party after an inconclusive election in 2014 to govern the Muslim-majority state, which is claimed by neighboring Pakistan and where Indian forces have struggled to quell a revolt for decades.

“It has become untenable for the BJP to continue in the alliance government in Jammu and Kashmir,” Ram Madhav, party general secretary, told reporters.

Madhav said the security situation in the state had worsened and it should be put under “governor’s rule”, or direct rule from New Delhi.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi won a general election earlier in 2014, vowing to end the insurgency in Kashmir but militant violence has worsened in recent months.

Last week, India rejected a UN report that accused it of having used excessive force in Kashmir to kill and wound civilians since 2016. The United Nations also called for an international inquiry into accusations of rights violations.

Direct rule

Direct rule by the central government would give the BJP a free hand to control the state ahead of a general election that must be called within a year.

Kashmir Chief Minister Mehbooba Mufti, of the regional People’s Democratic Party (PDP), said she had resigned and that her party would not seek the support of other parties to restore a majority.

“A muscular policy will not work here,” she told reporters.

The BJP has long favored a tough approach to quell the revolt, while the PDP had advocated a softer touch to address the grievances in the state where tens of people have been killed since the insurgency began in 1989.

More than 130 people have died in escalating violence in Kashmir this year. Last week, gunmen shot dead a prominent newspaper editor in the state capital, Srinagar, who had been a strong advocate of peace in the region.

This month, the federal government ordered a suspension of operations against militants during the holy month of Ramadan, a concession promoted by Chief Minister Mehbooba of the PDP. But militant attacks continued, weakening her hand and the truce was lifted soon after the fasting month ended.

“Basically, keeping in mind the larger national interest of India’s integrity and security, in order to bring control over the situation prevailing in the state, we have decided that it is time the reins of power be handed over to the state governor,” Madhav said.