Sri Lanka brings in ‘deradicalization’ detention, bans burqa to deal with extremism

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Sri Lanka Saturday announced using a controversial anti-terror law to deal with religious extremism and gave itself sweeping powers to detain suspects for up to two years for “deradicalization.”

Separately, the government also said it will soon outlaw the burqa, formalizing a temporary ban imposed in April 2019 after deadly bomb attacks blamed on local extremists.

President Gotabaya Rajapaksa promulgated regulations allowing the detention of anyone suspected of causing “acts of violence or religious, racial or communal disharmony or feelings of ill will or hostility between different communities.”

The rules, effective Friday, have been set up under the Prevention of Terrorism Act (PTA), which both local and international rights groups have repeatedly asked Colombo to repeal.

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Sri Lanka’s previous government, which was defeated by Rajapaksa at 2019 elections, had pledged to repeal the PTA after admitting it seriously undermined individual freedoms, but failed to do so.

Rajapaksa, who came to power with a promise to battle Islamic extremism, announced the “deradicalization from holding violent extremist religious ideology” measures in a gazette notification seen by AFP Saturday.

Meanwhile, Public Security Minister Sarath Weerasekera announced Saturday that the burqa, a loose garment covering from head to toe and worn in public in many Islamic states, was a threat to Sri Lanka’s national security.

“The burqa is something that directly affects our national security,” Weerasekera told reporters in Colombo. “This (dress) came into Sri Lanka only recently. It is a symbol of their religious extremism.”

Weerasekera said he signed documents outlawing the burqa, but they need to be approved by the cabinet of ministers and parliament where the government has a two-thirds majority to see its bills through.

Sri Lanka had used emergency laws to impose a temporary ban on the garment soon after the April 2019 terror bombings against three churches on the island killed 279 people.

Burqa wearers are not commonly seen in Buddhist majority Sri Lanka where Muslims are a small minority accounting for 10 percent of the country’s 21 million population.

The moves come ahead of the second anniversary of the 2019 Easter Sunday attacks that killed 279 people and wounded over 500.

The coordinated suicide bombings, against three churches and three high-end hotels, were blamed on a local “Islamic” extremist group.

But the new regulations do not only target “Islamic” extremism and could apply to any religious group or community.

A presidential commission that probed the attacks called for the banning of both “Islamic” extremists as well as ultra-nationalist Buddhist groups, which were accused of feeding off each other.

Tensions between Sri Lanka’s minority Muslims and the majority Buddhists resurfaced after the 2019 bombings, which also seriously damaged the country’s tourism-reliant economy.

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