Somalia’s lower house of parliament on Monday voted to effectively extend the mandate of the president and federal government by two years in an attempt to end a political crisis after national elections were delayed in early February. But leaders of the Senate objected and called the action dangerous.
The vote to hold a direct election in two years’ time, which would require the federal government and president to stay in office, came amid international pressure on Somali leaders to end the stalemate. The United Nations has warned that Somalia, rebuilding after three decades of conflict and still rocked by extremist attacks, can hardly afford more instability.
The international community also has warned against a mandate extension.
Somalia’s government has been unable for months to reach agreement on how to carry out the election, with the regional states of Puntland and
Jubbaland objecting on certain issues and the international community warning against holding a partial election. The crisis led to deadly violence against demonstrators who opposed an election delay.
Monday’s vote in the lower house of parliament was almost unanimous, with 149 lawmakers in support, three against and one abstaining.
The vote followed a brief drama in which the police commissioner for Mogadishu and its surroundings, Sadaq Omar Hassan, ordered police to stop the parliament meeting in order to “avoid instability.” He was fired shortly afterward.
The Senate deputy speaker, Abshir Axmad, said in a Twitter post that Monday’s vote was a threat to Somalia’s democracy and stability. The lower house of parliament “can’t undertake such a consequential decision without the approval of the Senate,” he wrote.
A separate Senate statement called on the international community to intervene “before it gets out of hand.”
Somalia hasn’t had a one-person-one-vote direct election in decades. The lower house of parliament ordered that a caretaking council of ministers support the electoral commission in its preparations for that vote.
President Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed “urges the citizens to seize the historic chance to choose their destiny as the House of the People voted to return the elections mandate to the people,” the presidency said in a Twitter post.
Contentious issues in months of talks on the election process included the formation of the electoral management commission, the selection of commission members for the breakaway region of Somaliland.
Somalia began to fall apart in 1991, when warlords ousted dictator Siad Barre and then turned on each other. Years of conflict and attacks by the al-Qaida-linked al-Shabab extremist group, along with famine, left this Horn of Africa country of about 12 million people largely shattered.
Al-Shabab controls large parts of southern and central Somalia and often targets the capital with suicide bombings. The extremist group has been a frequent target of US military airstrikes.