The United Nations said Sunday that the discovery of mass graves in Bucha, near the Ukrainian capital Kyiv, raised serious questions about possible war crimes, and stressed the importance of preserving evidence.
“What is known to date clearly raises serious and disturbing questions about possible war crimes and grave violations of international humanitarian law,” the UN rights office said.
Ukrainian officials said Saturday that nearly 300 bodies had been buried in mass graves. AFP saw at least 20 bodies, all in civilian clothing, strewn across a single street.
The UN rights office said its staff on the ground had not yet been able to verify the numbers or details reported by Ukrainian officials.
However, it said, “we are highly concerned by the available photo and video footage, including footage of bodies with their hands tied behind their backs.”
“At the same time, we cannot rule out that among the 300 or so bodies that town authorities reportedly collected on the streets and buried in recent days, there are bodies Ukrainian or Russian soldiers who were killed during hostilities,” the rights office said.
“Civilians who died of natural causes, heart attacks or other health conditions triggered by stress and the lack of access to medication and medical help over the last month, could also be among those found dead on the streets of the town.”
But given the possibility that war crimes had been committed, it said it was important “to exhume and identify all bodies.”
This was vital “so that relatives can be informed, and that the exact cause of death be established to help ensure accountability and justice,” it said.
“It is also important to take all measures to ensure the preservation of evidence.”