Sri Lanka to slash military numbers by a third to cut costs

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Sri Lanka will slash its army by a third to 135,000 by next year and to 100,000 by 2030, the defense minister said on Friday, as the country facing its worst economic crisis in more than seven decades tries to cut costs.

“Military spending is basically state-borne expenditure which indirectly stimulates and opens avenues for economic growth by way of assuring national and human security,” Premitha Bandara Thennakoon said in a statement.

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The aim of the move is to create a “technically and tactically sound and well-balanced” defense force by 2030, Thennakoon said.

The size of Sri Lanka's armed forces peaked between 2017 and 2019, with 317,000 personnel, according to World Bank data, higher even than that during the 25 year-long conflict with the

Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) that ended in 2009.

The share of the defense sector in Sri Lanka's total expenditure peaked in 2021, at 2.31 percent of gross domestic product (GDP), but fell to 2.03 percent last year, according to Colombo-based think tank Verite Research.

The island nation of 22 million people has been forced to cut back on government expenditure after it slid into a deep economic crisis last year when foreign exchange reserves dried up.

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