European draft resolution on Syria calls for restraint on arms sale


The following is the latest draft resolution on Syria signed by France, Germany, Portugal and United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

The Security Council,
Expressing grave concern at the situation in Syria,
Recalling its Presidential Statement of 3 August,

Welcoming the Secretary-General’s statements articulating continued concerns about the ongoing violence and humanitarian needs, calling on the Syrian Government to halt its violent offensive at once, calling for an independent investigation of all human rights violations during recent demonstrations, and stressing the need to hold to account those responsible for human rights violations,

Noting Human Rights Council resolution S-17 of 23 August (A/HRC/RES/S-17/1), including the decision to dispatch an independent international commission of inquiry to investigate all alleged violations of international human rights law since March 2011 in Syria,

Recalling the Syrian Government’s primary responsibility to protect its population, and the Secretary-General’s call for the Syrian Government to allow unhindered and sustained access for humanitarian aid and humanitarian organizations, welcoming OCHA’s humanitarian assessment mission and urging the Syrian authorities to cooperate comprehensively with the United Nations,

Stressing that the only solution to the current crisis in Syria is through an inclusive and Syrian-led political process with the aim of effectively addressing the legitimate aspirations and concerns of the population which will allow the full exercise of fundamental freedoms for its entire population, including of the rights of freedom of expression, assembly and peaceful protest, and further stressing that such a political process can only be advanced through an environment free from any sort of violence, fear and intimidation,

Noting the announced commitments by the Syrian authorities to reform, and regretting the lack of progress in implementation,

Reaffirming its strong commitment to the sovereignty, independence, territorial integrity and national unity of Syria,

Deeply concerned by the continuing deterioration of the situation in Syria and the potential for further escalation of the violence, and reaffirming the need to resolve the current crisis in Syria peacefully,

Welcoming the engagement of the Secretary-General and the League of Arab States, and all other diplomatic efforts aimed at addressing this situation, including those of Turkey, Russia, Brazil, India, South Africa, and regretting the lack of a substantive response by the Syrian authorities to these demands,
1. Strongly condemns the continued grave and systematic human rights violations by the Syrian authorities, such as arbitrary executions, excessive use of force and the killing and persecution of protesters and human rights defenders, arbitrary detention, enforced disappearances, torture and ill-treatment of detainees, also of children, and expresses profound regret at the deaths of thousands of people including women and children;

2. Demands an immediate end to all violence and urges all sides to reject violence and extremism;

3. Recalls that those responsible for all violence and human rights violations should be held accountable;

4. Demands that the Syrian authorities immediately:

(a) Cease violations of human rights, comply with their obligations under applicable international law, and cooperate fully with the commission of inquiry mandated by Human Rights Council resolution S-17 of 23 August 2011 (A/HRC/RES/S-17/1);

(b) Allow the full exercise of human rights and fundamental freedoms by its entire population, including rights of freedom of expression and peaceful assembly, release all political prisoners and detained peaceful demonstrators, and lift restrictions on all forms of media;

(c) Cease the use of force against civilians;

(d) Alleviate the humanitarian situation in crisis areas, including by allowing expeditious, unhindered and sustained access for internationally recognized human rights monitors, humanitarian agencies and workers, and restoring basic services including access to hospitals;

(e) Ensure the safe and voluntary return of those who have fled the violence to their homes;

5. Calls for an inclusive Syrian-led political process conducted in an environment free from violence, fear, intimidation, and extremism, and aimed at effectively addressing the legitimate aspirations and concerns of Syria’s population, and encourages the Syrian opposition and all sections of Syrian society to contribute to such a process;

6. Requests the Secretary-General to continue to urge the Syrian Government to implement paragraphs 2 and 4 above, including by appointing a Special Envoy, and encourages all States and regional organizations to contribute to this objective;

7. Encourages in this regard the League of Arab states to continue efforts aimed at ending the violence and promoting such an inclusive Syrian-led political process;

8. Strongly condemns attacks on diplomatic personnel and recalls the fundamental principle of the inviolability of diplomatic agents and the obligations on host States, including under the 1961 Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations, to take all appropriate steps to protect embassy premises and prevent attacks on diplomatic agents;

9. Calls upon all States to exercise vigilance and restraint over the direct or indirect supply, sale or transfer to Syria of arms and related materiel of all types, as well as technical training, financial resources or services, advice, or other services or assistance related to such arms and related materiel;
10. Requests the Secretary-General to report on implementation of this resolution within 30 days of its adoption and every 30 days thereafter;
11. Expresses its determination, to review Syria’s implementation of this resolution within 30 days, and, in the event that Syria has not complied with this resolution, to consider the adoption of targeted measures under Article 41 of Chapter VII of the Charter of the United Nations;

12. Decides to remain actively seized of the matter.