Syria’s death toll up as Arab mission criticized; rebel leader threatens more attacks
As many as 29 people have been killed by the fire of Syrian security forces across the country on Tuesday, Al Arabiya reported citing Syrian activists as western countries became critical of the Arab League observers.
The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said that eighteen security force personnel were killed in the southern town of Deraa as dozens of deserting soldiers returned fire on police who shot at them as they fled their posts.
The commander of Syria’s armed rebels has threatened to step up attacks on President Bashar al-Assad’s forces, saying he was frustrated with Arab League monitors’ lack of progress in ending a government crackdown on protests.
“If we feel they (the monitors) are still not serious in a few days, or at most within a week, we will take a decision which will surprise the regime and the whole world,” the head of the Free Syrian Army (FSA), Colonel Riad al-Asaad, told Reuters in an interview.
The Arab League said on Monday its monitors were helping to stem bloodshed, 10 months into a popular uprising against Syria’s ruling family, and asked for more time to do their job.
But since the team’s arrival last week, security forces have killed more than 132 people, according to a Reuters tally. Other activist groups say 390 have been killed.
Security forces also opened fire and killed two people at a protest in the central city of Hama, the same day that activists met monitors and said the team seemed powerless to help them.
The monitors are checking whether Syria is implementing an Arab League peace plan by pulling troops from flashpoint cities and releasing thousands detained in the revolt, one of a series of Arab uprisings that have toppled four leaders in a year.
Asaad, whose FSA is an umbrella group of armed factions, said he was waiting for the League’s report on its first week before deciding whether to make a “transformative shift” that he said would mark a major escalation against the security forces.
“Since they (the monitors) entered, we had many more martyrs,” he said, speaking by telephone from his safe haven in southern Turkey. “Is it in the Syrian people’s interest to allow the massacre to continue?”
The White House on Tuesday condemned the Syrian regime’s unrelenting violence against protesters, saying it was “past time” for the U.N. Security Council to take measures against Damascus.
White House spokesman Jay Carney said Syria had failed to comply with standards set by regional observers monitoring the situation.
“As sniper fire, torture, and murder in Syria continue, it is clear that the requirements of the Arab League protocol have not been met,” Carney said, according to AFP.
“We believe it’s past time for the Security Council to act,” Carney said.
Arab foreign ministers were to meet in Cairo on Saturday to discuss the mission’s first report, the League said on a day when observers faced scathing criticism from activists.
“We want to tell Nabil al-Araby that the lack of professionalism of the observers and non-compliance with their arrival times in specific places have left many people killed,” said the Local Coordination Committees, which organize the protests, according to AFP.
It further claimed the observers were being hampered by the regime.
“Soldiers wear police uniforms, drive repainted military vehicles and change the names of places, but this does not mean the army withdrew from cities and streets, or that the regime is applying the provisions of the Arab protocol.”
The LCC has also been criticized by Syrian activists and opposition figures over the choice of a former top Sudanese military commander, General Mohammed Ahmed Mustafa al-Dabi, to head its observer operation.
Dabi served under Sudan’s President Omar al-Bashir, who is wanted by the International Criminal Court for alleged war crimes.
Controversy over Arab League mission
The Arab League mission has already been plagued by controversy. Protesters have complained about its small size and were appalled when the head of the mission suggested he was reassured by first impressions of Homs, one of the main centers of unrest.
French Foreign Minister Alain Juppe said on Tuesday it was crucial that monitors were able to act independently. Protesters have complained that security forces regularly accompany monitors, making them difficult to approach.
“Do they truly have genuinely free access to information? We are waiting for the report they will produce in the coming days for more clarity,” Juppe told the French news channel i>tele.
The U.S. State Department noted that violence against the protesters had not stopped, and said it was concerned by reports that soldiers were donning police uniform to mask their actions.
“In some cases the regime is actually putting out its own false reports that monitors are on the way, demonstrators come into the streets, and then they fire on them,” spokeswoman Victoria Nuland said.
“The Syrian regime has not lived up to the full spectrum of commitments that it made to the Arab League when it accepted its proposal some nine weeks ago.’
Activists who met the monitors in Hama on Tuesday said they doubted whether the monitors had freedom of movement.
Mohammed Abul-Khair told Reuters he was among activists who had met monitors without security escorts present, handing them details of detainees and suspected detention centers. The monitors said they had found it hard to meet activists until now, but appeared sympathetic, he said.
Others said the team seemed unprepared or unwilling. They said the monitors had set up an office in a government-controlled area hard for activists to reach, and complained that many observers did not bring cameras or notepads on visits.
“I don’t think they are sympathetic, I think they are afraid,” said activist Abu Faisal, also present at the meeting. “We wanted to take them to one of the narrow alleys where there had been a lot of shelling. They wouldn’t go past the buildings where there were snipers.”
“People here are getting shot. They are here to get the facts but they are cowards and too afraid to do it,” he said.
Security Council cannot remain silent
Juppe said he believed in the Arab League’s determination, but the United Nations could not stand idly by as more people died. He said Russia continued to block decisive U.N. action.
“The (U.N.) Security Council cannot remain silent,” he said. “The savage repression is totally clear, the regime has no real future and that’s why it’s up to the international community to speak out.”
More than 5,000 people have been killed in Assad’s crackdown on the protests, according to a United Nations estimate.
Armed rebellion has begun to overshadow what began as peaceful protest as rebels fight back. Damascus says it is battling foreign-backed “terrorists” who have killed at least 2,000 members of the security forces.
Rebel leader Asaad last week ordered a stop to attacks on security forces during the monitors’ visit, but reports of assaults have continued to come in, highlighting concerns that the FSA does not fully control all armed rebels.
Nuland underscored Washington’s repeated warning that an escalation of violence would only exacerbate the problem.
“That’s exactly what the regime wants ... to make Syria more violent and have an excuse to retaliate itself,” she said.
Political detainees at Damascus’s central prison started a hunger strike in protest over observers who met jailed felons during a visit, but not political prisoners, their relatives told the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights.
“The people the monitors met had nothing to do with recent events, so these (political) prisoners went on strike and are demanding monitors visit them,” said Rami Abdul Rahman, head of the British-based Observatory.
The government bars most foreign journalists from Syria, making it difficult to verify witness accounts.
Giving the mission a chance
Al-Araby said on Monday that Syria’s military had now withdrawn from residential areas to the outskirts of the cities, but that gunfire continued and snipers were still a threat.
He asked Syrians to “give the monitoring mission a chance to prove its presence on the ground.”
Al-Araby said the monitors had succeeded in getting food supplies into Homs, one of the centers of the violence, and had secured the release of 3,484 prisoners. Before the mission began, the rights group Avaaz said 37,000 were in detention.
Algeria expressed optimism about the Arab mission, with Foreign Minister Mourad Medelci saying it would evaluate the situation “in a more credible manner.”
And opposition Syrian National Council leader Burhan Ghalioun met the prime minister of Portugal, a current member of the Security Council, and said the observer mission “remains useful even if it does not lead to the implementation of the Arab plan.”
“It remains politically, morally and psychologically useful,” he said.
On the ground, SANA state news agency reported that saboteurs attacked a gas pipeline near Homs that supplies gas to power stations at Zara and Zeizun.
But the Syrian Revolution 2011 activist group, on its Facebook page, accused “Assad's gangs” of blowing up the pipeline.
Meanwhile, the Syrian Centre for Freedom of Expression demanded a full inquiry into the death of Shukri Ahmed Ratib Abu Burghul, a journalist reportedly shot in the head outside his suburban Damascus home on Dec. 30.
Syria’s ruling Baath party announced it will hold its 11th party congress in the first week of February, when legislative polls were scheduled to have been held but have since been indefinitely postponed.