By the end of the Second World War, it was clear that two superpowers will emerge from the ashes of war, the United States of America and the Soviet Union. Two different political ideology one is built of freedom the other built on authoritarianism one built on free-market capitalism the other built on communism.
The US was involved in an almost half-century struggle with the Soviet Union this struggle came to be called the “the cold war.” It was cold because the Russians and the Americans never came to direct conflict. However, it was not very cold to these countries which got caught up in the Communists’ relentless drive to take over such as South Korea, Cuba.
In this cold war the US had many morally complex situation such as Vietnam, but at its core, it was an apparent conflict between good and evil as world war two had been. The cold war was a war between the forces of freedom and totalitarianism. We can describe “the cold war” as the Third World War because of millions of people who died in it.
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The instigator of this war was Stalin the mass-murdering dictator of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics or the Soviet Union for short which under his government rule many non-Russian people suffered or died. The Soviet government knew that it could not wage war against free west.
Instead, they waged this fight through the use of proxies, and by massive use of disinformation and misinformation. The Soviet Union first prey was Eastern European countries the Baltic States — Lithuania, Estonia and Latvia — as well as Poland, Romania, Hungary, Bulgaria, and Czechoslovakia. Stalin had his army in all of these countries by the end of the Second World War two.
Even though at Yalta conference Stalin promised President Roosevelt, that the Soviet armies would leave these countries after the war, the Soviet leader had no intention of removing them. Winston Churchill famously quoted that “Never forget that Bolsheviks are crocodile I cannot feel the slightest trust or confidence in them. Force and facts are their only realities.” —CIRCA 1942.
When Stalin expansionism approached its highest level by trying to move on Greece and Turkey, the Truman doctrine was born. When Stalin threatened both Greece and Turkey, President Harry Truman finally had enough. The so-called Truman Doctrine was born.
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The US its allies would not allow further expansion of the communist empire that’s how the “cold war” started for the next five decades all over the world from Asia to South America.
The US and SRR battled for influence through proxies or occasionally overtly Korea or sometimes covertly, through their various spy agencies. Moral lines in this long cold war crossed the noble objective however never changed: the freedom of the West against the communist tyranny of the Soviet East.
With the fall of the Berlin Wall, many thought that “the cold war” ended they were proven wrong Putin totalitarian rule gave rebirth to “the cold war” authoritarian leaders always need to create enemies even if it was fictional.
Faisal Al-Shammeri is a political analyst based in Washington DC. He tweets @mr_alshammeri.