Global stocks gain as investors welcome preliminary US-China trade deal

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World stock markets rose on Monday, trading a notch below a record high hit last week on the back of a preliminary trade deal agreed between the United States and China.

European shares built on the previous week’s gains. By midday in London, the pan-European STOXX 600 index was up by 1.2 percent and touched a record high. Germany’s DAX rose 0.6 percent.

Britain’s FTSE 100 index was up 1.14 percent, moving in tandem with a buoyant pound that rose 0.3 percent , adding to gains last week on the back of a landslide victory for Prime Minister Boris Johnson’s Conservative Party in the UK election.

US stock futures also pointed to stronger gains to start the week, with the S&P 500 e-minis up 0.36 percent .

US Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer said on Sunday a deal was “totally done”, notwithstanding some needed revisions, and would nearly double US exports to China over the next two years.

The “phase one” agreement suspended a threatened round of US tariffs on a $160 billion list of Chinese imports that was scheduled to take effect on Sunday. The United States also agreed to halve the tariff rate, to 7.5 percent, on $120 billion worth of Chinese goods.

“It’s good news but we can’t celebrate yet,” said Mark Mobius, founding partner of Mobius Capital Partners.

“There’s going to be a lot more going forward. This agreement is dependent on the degree to which the Chinese comply. This conversation will continue as there’s so many issues. It’s not just about trade. Its about technical issues, know-how, technology...So there’ll be a continuing situation.”

The 17-month-old trade dispute between the world’s two largest economies has buffeted financial markets and taken a toll on global economic growth.

Eurozone business growth remained weak in December, with tepid foreign demand exacerbating a contraction in manufacturing and offsetting a slight pick-up in services activity, although some analysts saw signs of stabilization.

Positive sentiment helped push MSCI’s All Country World Index up 0.25 percent. The index, which tracks stocks across 47 countries, reached an all-time high on Friday when the trade deal was agreed.

Earlier in Asia, MSCI’s broadest index of Asia-Pacific shares outside Japan to its highest level since
April 18. It was last up 0.14 percent.

Australia’s S&P/ASX 200 led the way as it jumped 1.63 percent, while shares in Taiwan added 0.1 percent.

Japan’s Nikkei 225 succumbed to some profit-taking, falling 0.29 percent after surging 2.55 percent to a 14-month closing high on Friday.

Ryan Felsman, senior economist at CommSec in Sydney, said the trade deal and the receding risk of a disorderly Brexit after the British election yielded a strong Conservative majority provided support for sentiment in Australia.

A lower-than-expected Australian budget surplus due to a sluggish economy has also “built expectations by markets for further easing from the Reserve Bank (of Australia)”, he said.

Chinese investors initially had a more tepid reaction to the trade news, with the blue-chip CSI300 index struggling to rise further after trade hopes fanned a near 2 percent rise on Friday.

But after a lackluster morning session, the CSI300 index turned higher and was last up 0.5 percent, helped by data showing the country’s industrial output growth and retail sales jumped more than expected in November.

Felsman at CommSec said investors wanted more details and the reduction in US tariffs may have disappointed some looking for more aggressive action.

“Certainly there were expectations perhaps that the rollback would be more significant than just 50 percent,” he said.

US shares had struck a cautious note on Friday, paring initial gains to end barely higher as weary investors awaited signs of a concrete deal.

However, the news of a deal was still enough to send the S&P 500 to a record closing high of 3,168.8, up 0.01 percent.

The Nasdaq Composite added 0.2 percent to end at 8,734.88, also a record, and the Dow Jones Industrial Average rose 0.01 percent to 28,135.38.

US Treasury yields moved higher on Monday, reflecting a more positive mood. Benchmark 10-year Treasury notes rose to 1.8452 percent compared with their US close of 1.821 percent on Friday, and the two-year yield touched 1.6304 percent compared with a US close of 1.604 percent

The dollar was slightly higher against the yen at 109.45 and the euro was up 0.22 percent at $1.1144.

The dollar index, which tracks the greenback against a basket of six major rivals, was down 0.19 percent at 96.984.

Oil prices, which had risen on Friday following the China-US deal, hovered near three-month highs. Brent crude was higher by 0.3 percent at $65.35 per barrel, and US West Texas Intermediate crude was flat at $60.05 per barrel.

Spot gold prices were flat at $1,476.10 per ounce.

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