WHO: Qatar second most polluted country in 2014

WHO monitored outdoor air pollution from around 1,600 cities in 91 countries, covering the period from 2008 till 2013

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Qatar ranked the second-most polluted country in the world in 2014 after Pakistan, a recently released World Health Organization (WHO) report showed.

The “Ambient (Outdoor) air pollution in cities database 2014” monitored outdoor air pollution from around 1,600 cities in 91 countries, as the monitoring process covered the period from 2008 till 2013.

The rise in pollution can be related to the expanding manufacturing industry and construction projects in the small country, in addition to the growing road congestion as the country’s population increases, according to official statistics.

The rise of Qatar’s airport’s traffic is another contributing factor to the pollution emergency. The traffic at Qatar’s Doha Hamad International Airport (HIA) rose 11.4 percent in 2014 in July 2014, in comparison to traffic at the old Doha International Airport (DOH) July 2013 traffic, according to the Center for Asia Pacific Aviation (CAPA).

For precise measurement, the air’s quality was represented by “annual mean concentration of fine particulate matter (PM10 and PM2.5,” according to WHO. These concentrations were set by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), which regulates and protects human health and environmental affairs.

Other regional countries appearing on the report among the top ten countries were Iran, ranking fifth, Egypt, ranking sixth, UAE ranking eighth, and Bahrain ranking tenth.

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