U.S. becomes biggest oil producer in 2014
The U.S. produced 15.9 percent more oil in 2014 at 11.6 million barrels of oil per day to topple Saudi Arabia’s 11.5 million bpd production
The United States has overtaken Saudi Arabia as the world’s biggest oil producer in 2014 while India has recorded the highest growth in energy consumption among major economies.
The U.S. produced 15.9 percent more oil in 2014 at 11.6 million barrels of oil per day to topple Saudi Arabia’s 11.5 million bpd production, according to BP Plc’s Statistical Review of World Energy released on Wednesday.
Russia with 10.8 million bpd oil production was placed third. The U.S. surpassed Russia as the world’s largest producer of oil and gas, producing 1,250.4 million tons of oil and oil equivalent natural gas in 2014. This compared with Russia’s 1,062 million tons of oil equivalent.
BP said the U.S. shale revolution helped it overtake “Saudi Arabia as the world’s biggest oil producer and surpass Russia as the world’s largest producer of oil and gas.”
On the consumption side, BP Statistical Review said world primary energy consumption slowed markedly, with growth of just 0.9 percent in 2014, a lower rate than at any time since the late 1990s (other than in the immediate aftermath of last decade's financial crisis).
Chinese growth in consumption slowed to its lowest level since 1998 as its economy rebalances away from energy intensive sectors, though China remained the world’s largest growth market for energy.
India, however, posted a 7.1 percent rise in energy consumption, the fastest among major economies and second only to Algeria’s 8.4 percent expansion.
It consumed 637.8 million tons of oil and oil equivalent natural gas, coal, nuclear energy, hydro electricity and renewable energy.
This consumption was dwarfed in comparison to the 2972.1 million tons of oil equivalent energy consumed in China and 2298.7 million tons in the U.S..
It was also lower than Russia’s 681.9 million tons but more than Japan’s 456.1 million tons oil equivalent energy consumption.
While India’s oil production declined 1.3 percent at 895,000 bpd, consumption rose 3 percent to 3.8 million bpd. Though India is heavily dependent on imports to meet its oil needs, it is self-sufficient in refining capacity, housing a total capacity of 4.3 million bpd, fourth largest in the world behind the U.S. (17.79 million bpd), China (14.09 million bpd) and Russia (6.3 million bpd).
Natural gas production dipped 5.9 percent to 31.7 billion cubic meters. BP Group Chief Executive Bob Dudley said: “The eerie calm that had characterized energy markets in the few years prior to 2014 came to an abrupt end last year. However, we should not be surprised or alarmed.
“These events may well come to be viewed as symptomatic of a broader shifting of the tectonic plates that make up the energy landscape, with significant developments in both the supply of energy and its demand.
“Our task as an industry is to meet today’s challenges while continuing to invest to meet tomorrow's demand, safely and sustainably,” he added.
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