Oil prices steadied on Friday after steep falls earlier in the week under pressure from widespread evidence of a fuel glut despite efforts led by OPEC to tighten the market.
Brent crude oil was up 5 cents at $47.91 a barrel by 1315 GMT, but still 12 percent below its opening level on May 25, when an OPEC promise to restrict production was extended into 2018. US crude was 5 cents higher at $45.69.
The Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries and other big producers have agreed to pump almost 1.8 million barrels per day (bpd) less than they supplied at the end of last year, and hold output there until the first quarter of 2018.
But world markets are still awash with oil.
Challenge for OPEC
“The challenge OPEC is facing is bigger than anyone thought a few weeks ago,” said Tamas Varga, analyst at London brokerage PVM Oil Associates.
US data this week showed a surprise 3.3-million-barrel build in commercial crude oil stocks to 513.2 million.
Inventories of refined products were also up, despite the start of the peak-demand summer season.
“Crude oil prices are testing lows last seen in (the fourth quarter of) 2016,” analysts at US bank Jefferies wrote, pointing to the United States as the main pressure on prices.
US refined oil product inventories are now back above 2016 levels and well above their five-year range, reflecting an unexpected slowdown in US demand for gasoline and distillate fuels, Jefferies said.
Asian markets are also oversupplied, with traders putting excess crude into floating storage, an indicator of a glut.
The Brent forward curve shows a clear “contango” shape, with oil for use now at deep discounts to future prices. This typically indicates a well-supplied market.
Brent for January 2018 is worth around $1.50 a barrel more than Brent for August 2017, making it profitable for some traders to put oil into tankers and wait for a later sale.
Thomson Reuters Eikon shipping figures show at least 25 supertankers sitting in the Strait of Malacca and the Singapore Strait, holding unsold fuel.
Those are similar amounts to May and April, indicating that even in Asia, with its strong demand growth, traders are struggling to clear inventories.
And more production is coming. Libya’s 270,000-bpd Sharara oilfield has reopened after a workers’ protest and should return to normal production within three days, the National Oil Corp said on Friday.