Oil climbs 1 pct on OPEC output cut, but US production robust

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Oil prices rose over 1 pct on Friday after a report from the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) showed its production fell sharply last month, easing some fears about prolonged oversupply.

International Brent crude oil futures were up 62 cents, or 1.01 percent, at $61.80 per barrel at 0955 GMT. Brent has risen about 2 percent this week, its third straight week of gains.

US West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude futures were at $52.64 per barrel, up 57 cents, or 1.09 percent, from their last settlement.

OPEC along with other producers including Russia agreed last year to output cuts effective January 1 to avert a glut.

The producer club’s monthly report showed it had made a strong start in December even before the pact went into effect, implementing the biggest month-on-month production drop in almost two years.

OPEC publishes output cut quota

OPEC on Friday published a list of new levels of reduction in oil output by its members and other major producers for the six months to June as part of the group’s latest production-cutting deal.

It also urged participating countries to redouble efforts for supply adjustments to ensure oil markets remain in balance in 2019.

In the first half of 2019, OPEC and other major producers will cut oil output by 1.195 million barrels per day (bpd) to 43.874 million bpd.

The production adjustment will be monitored by the Joint Ministerial Monitoring Committee (JMMC) on a monthly basis, it said.

The next JMMC meeting will be held in Baku, Azerbaijan, on March 18, it added.

Waivers on sanctions likely

In a sign that global supply could tighten further, a US-based think-tank predicted that the United States may grant waivers on sanctions it imposed on importing Iranian oil to fewer countries.

Political risk advisory Eurasia Group said China, India, Japan, South Korea and Turkey are likely to receive extended waivers, while those for Italy, Greece and Taiwan would likely be removed.

“The combination of production cuts by OPEC+ (especially the Saudis) and tightening sanctions on Iranian oil exports have brought the market close to balance,” US investment bank Jefferies said on Friday.

Tempering support for prices, however, are signs of weakening demand and surging US output.

The International Energy Agency said on Friday that US oil production growth combined with a slowing global economy will put oil prices under pressure.

“By the middle of the year, US crude output will probably be more than the capacity of either Saudi Arabia or Russia,” said the IEA, which kept its estimate of oil demand growth unchanged and close to 2018 levels at 1.4 million barrels bpd.

Markets were also buoyed by signs that the United States and China may soon resolve their trade dispute in talks scheduled for January 30

The Wall Street Journal reported on Thursday that Washington was considering lifting some or all tariffs imposed on Chinese imports.

But US stocks pared some of those gains after a Treasury spokesperson denied the report, adding more uncertainty to the dispute which has kept global markets on edge for months.