Stocks across the world tumbled on Thursday as the death toll from a virus spreading in China reached 170, forcing airlines to cut flights and stores to close as the potential economic hit from the outbreak came into focus.
MSCI world equity index, which tracks shares in 49 countries, fell 0.5 percent as European shares followed Asian indexes into the red, stoking demand for the perceived security of safe-haven assets from bonds to gold.
Europe’s broad STOXX 600 fell 0.9 percent in early trade, with indexes in Frankfurt, Paris and London lost between 0.7 percent-1.3 percent.
Adding to the gloom, disappointing earnings and trading updates weighed further on blue-chip stocks. Royal Dutch Shell fell 4.8 percent after fourth-quarter profit halved to its lowest in more than three years.
US stock futures pointed to a negative open on Wall Street.
The number of confirmed deaths from the virus in China has climbed to 170 with 7,711 people infected, and more cases are being reported around the world.
Chinese factories have extended holidays, global airlines cut flights and Sweden’s Ikea said it would shut all stores in China.
One Chinese government economist said the crisis could cut first quarter growth in the world’s No.2 economy by one point to 5 percent or lower, with the crisis hitting sectors from mining to luxury goods.
Investment banks also started to put figures on what the damage could be. Citi has said it expects China’s 2020 growth to slow to 5.5 percent, after previously predicting it to be 5.8 percent, with the sharpest slowdown this quarter.
Still, others cautioned that estimates were hard to make.
“The economic impact will be determined by the extent to which it spreads,” said Michael Bell, global market strategist at J.P. Morgan Asset Management, adding that hard evidence of a hit to economic data was needed before the impact of the virus could be judged.
Benchmark US and German government bond yields fell sharply, with 10-year German bund yields dropping to a three-month low.
US 10-year Treasuries also fell 3 basis points to 1.5600 percent, their lowest since October. The yield curve - as measured by the gap between 10-year and three-month note and a closely watched indicator of looming recession - fell again into negative territory.
Gold edged 0.3 percent higher.
The World Health Organization’s Emergency Committee was due to reconvene later in the day to decide whether the rapid spread of the virus now constitutes a global emergency.
“There is some concern about tonight’s presser by the WHO. The fear is that they might raise the alarm bells ... so people are taking money off the table,” said Chris Weston, head of research at Melbourne brokerage Pepperstone.
Earlier, MSCI’s broadest index of Asia-Pacific shares outside Japan fell 2.1 percent to a seven-week low and has now dropped for six straight sessions. Indexes in Japan and Hong Kong fell 1.7 percent and 2.6 percent respectively.
Taiwan’s benchmark index slumped 5.7 percent in its first session since the Lunar New Year break.
Federal Reserve Chairman Jerome Powell acknowledged on Wednesday the risks from any slowdown in the Chinese economy but said it was too early to judge the impact on the United States.
The Fed held interest rates steady on Wednesday at its first policy meeting of the year, with Powell pointing to continued moderate economic growth and a “strong” job market.
In Europe, the pound hovered around a one-week low hit on Wednesday ahead of Bank of England Governor Mark Carney’s final policy vote, where the central bank appears close to cutting rates for the first time in more than three years.
Financial markets are pricing in a 45 percent chance that the BOE would cut rates to 0.5 percent from 0.75 percent. Economists polled by Reuters two weeks ago predicted a 6-3 vote to keep rates on hold.
Elsewhere in currencies, a risk-averse mood ruled, with exposed Asian currencies and commodities sensitive to Chinese demand extending losses as economists made deep cuts to their China growth forecasts.
The Chinese yuan reversed Wednesday’s gains to fall 0.4 percent to its lowest level since Dec. 30, breaking through the key level of 7 against the dollar.
The Australian dollar and the kiwi dollar both lost 0.3 percent.
The Japanese yen rose 0.2 percent against the dollar, while the Swiss franc, also seen as a safe haven, also gained.
The dollar against a basket of six major currencies was flat.
Oil prices, a barometer of the expected impact of the virus on the world’s economy, resumed their slide. Brent was down 95 cents, or 1.8 percent, at $58.71 a barrel shortly after 0800 GMT.and has dropped 10 percent since Jan 20.