The International Monetary Fund said on Tuesday that global current account imbalances narrowed in 2019 as trade slowed, and the coronavirus could narrow them further in 2020, but some vulnerable emerging market economies are facing major investment outflows.
The IMF’s annual report on currencies, the External Sector Report, showed that continued weakness in trade, coupled with massive fiscal expansion, was projected in many countries to shrink both current account deficits and surpluses.
The Fund said net current account balances fell by 0.2 percentage point to 2.9 percent of global GDP, and could narrow by 0.3 percent of global GDP in 2020, though the outlook is highly uncertain.
The world entered the #COVID19 crisis with pre-existing external imbalances, leaving some economies vulnerable to external shocks and renewed trade tensions, the IMF’s Leigh and Kaufman write in an #IMFBlog on the new External Sector Report. #ESR https://t.co/orLKQGQStw pic.twitter.com/WbZx0Ao2Tp— IMF (@IMFNews) August 4, 2020