China’s hotels and restaurants are bracing for a lacklustre Lunar New Year holiday, as travel curbs and government advice to stay home and avoid big gatherings look set to deal a blow to domestic tourism this year.
The week-long holiday that begins on Friday traditionally kicks off one of China’s biggest spending sprees, surpassing 1 trillion yuan ($155 billion) in 2019, before the coronavirus disruptions, government figures show.
“Our business is barely half of what we usually see before the Lunar New Year,” said Lin Haiping, founder of Baheli, a beef hotpot chain with more than 100 outlets in 16 cities.
“We are in a dilemma as we don’t want to have too many customers,” he added, citing the advice against large gatherings as a reason for avoiding promotional offers to drum up business.
“I’m afraid of having too many people under the current policies.”
The tougher measures spawned by recent sporadic outbreaks threaten a hit to transport and tourism during the holiday that could shave as much as 150 billion yuan ($23 billion) from household spending, brokerage CITIC Securities has said.
Infections have recently fallen from a mid-January peak, when the daily number of locally transmitted COVID-19 cases hit their highest in more than 10 months.
Many people have cancelled holiday flights or trips back to hometowns after local authorities tightened measures for arrivals, such as requiring virus testing.
Such cancellations, for example, have more than halved the cost of flights to duty-free beach destination Sanya on the southern island of Hainan, a mecca for purchases of luxury goods as the pandemic deters Chinese from overseas travel.
Capri Holdings, owner of luxury brands Jimmy Choo and Versace, told analysts it expected strong sales performance from outlets on Hainan, though “not quite as strong as we had all anticipated,” thanks to the likely slowdown in travel.
The transport ministry has estimated passenger trips will fall 40 percent from the 2019 figure during the 40-day spring travel season, when millions of migrant workers normally head from cities to homes in the countryside.
Mainland China reported more than 2,000 domestic virus infections in January, but recovery remains on track in the world’s second-largest economy, which grew 2.3 percent on the year in 2020.
That made it the only major economy to dodge a contraction last year, as many nations struggled to rein in the pandemic, which disrupted China’s holiday festivities that year, too.
Government warnings against large gatherings, such as weddings or annual company parties, also drove cancellations.
“We are open, but there is no difference with being closed,” said Shen Xiaolin, the manager of Qingxi Guesthouse in the eastern province of Zhejiang.
The 17-room boutique hotel has no holiday guests this year, a far cry from previous years, when it was booked out the entire week.
As many people opt to stay put in their place of work, some businesses are banking on in-city consumption for some reprieve, but they must still grapple with pressure to limit patrons.
Hotpot chain Haidilao is among the firms turning to technology to ease such headaches.
It has launched an online streaming service offering video conferencing facilities for diners to feast simultaneously with family and friends in outlets in other cities.
The service is available in 52 restaurants across 41 cities in China, as well as five in Indonesia, Malaysia and Thailand.
“We deliberately chose some outlets in the third- and fourth-tier cities, where many young people...can’t go home this year,” said Zhou Zhaocheng, the firm’s chief strategy officer.
“We are trying to make people feel they are together, even though they are physically apart.”
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