With every day, the regional and global situations surrounding Iraq are getting more complicated. This has been going on since 2003, when American forces began their invasion to Baghdad which fell on April of that year. The Middle East has been in a state of transformation, while at the same time there has been a state of unclear engagement between the U.S., Russia, and Europe.
The Iraqi earthquake is still at its beginning. The American invasion during 2003 of a country that used to be an essential regional power since the fall of the Ottoman Empire, is not an insignificant event. This significance of the invasion even surpasses the rise of the State of Israel in 1948, and the dismembering of the Palestinians who naively thought that Arabs were capable of restoring the cities of Haifa, Jafa, Tel Aviv, and even Jerusalem which was still not occupied at that time.
Despite the 1967 defeat that Arabs suffered, there was still one very important thing: the ability of Arabs to stop Israel from expanding in the West Bank, East Jerusalem, and the Syrian Golan Heights. The achievement which lies in being able to stop Israel from expanding into the Arab World cannot be belittled, despite the Israeli-Egyptian peace treaty in 1979, and the one with Jordan in 1994.
What happened in Iraq was a total disintegration of an Arab country, which Saddam Hussein’s Baathist regime had negatively impacted; tearing away at the social fabric of the Iraqi society, especially with the regime’s brutal practices and the wars it waged against its regional neighbors.
The Iraqi earthquake that started in Baghdad has returned to Baghdad, and Iraqi national spirit still has an impact on the groundKhairallah Khairallah
The American invasion in Iraq, and the either random or well-planned decisions made, which included the dissociation of the Iraqi army and the establishment of a new ethnically-allocated regime, has come to reflect a desire to destroy all hopes of a unified Iraq.
A modern sense of unity means a country which has establishments that are able to understand and deal with ethnic and national diversity. This diversity could have made the country flourish instead of instigating endless conflicts.
After what happened in Tunisia, Libya, Egypt and Yemen, and with the continuous tragic events in Syria, there seems to be a comeback in Iraq. In its modern history, the country underwent several events, such as the bloody coup which overthrew royalty in 1958. This is not merely a downfall of an Arab country; it is a regional imbalance, dating back hundreds of years, namely a balance between the Persian civilization and an Arab one, both separated by the Iraqi-Iranian borders.