Afghan authorities executed five men who were convicted of armed robbery and gang rape, the Kabul police chief said, following a case that galvanized the nation in recent weeks.
Gen. Mohammad Zahir Zahir sadi the men were hanged on Wednesday in the Puli Charkhi prison in the Afghan capital. Then-President Hamid Karzai had approved and signed the execution order last month on his last day in office, a rare such authorization in his more than decade-long tenure.
In August, eight men, some dressed in police uniforms, stopped an Afghan family’s car outside Kabul and sexually assaulted four of the women in the family, including one who was pregnant. They were dragged out of the vehicle into an area where their male family members could hear the women screaming.
Seven men were initially sentenced to death in a trial last month, but an appeals court later reduced two of the sentences to up to 20 years in prison - verdicts upheld by the country’s Supreme Court.
Three of the suspects remain at large.
The case prompted street demonstrations in support of the victims. While allowed under Afghan law, the death penalty was applied only on two occasions during Karzai’s 13-year presidency. He did not authorize the death penalty in hundreds of cases when it was sought during his tenure.
Human rights groups criticized both the speedy legal process and application of the death penalty in the rape case. The original trial lasted only two hours before convictions were announced. Human Rights Watch said the political interference and swift convictions violated the defendants’ rights to due process.
David Griffiths, deputy director for Amnesty International’s Asia-Pacific operations, noted the gravity of the case, but said the human rights group opposed use of the death penalty as “an abhorrent form of punishment” that should never be used.
“There is no question that this was an appalling crime and the outcry and anger this case has caused is of course understandable,” he said in a statement. “But the death penalty is not justice - it only amounts to short-term revenge ... It’s deeply disappointing that new President Ashraf Ghani (Ahmadzai) has allowed the executions to go ahead.”