Both Iran and Syria slammed late Thursday the United States for excluding them from an international coalition aimed at combatting the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS).
The strongest reaction, however, came from Russia, Syrian President Bashar al-Assad’s main international ally. A Russian Foreign Ministry statement said such military action without a U.N. Security Council resolution “would be an act of aggression and flagrant violation of international law.”
Syria’s main Western-backed opposition group, meanwhile, welcomed President Barack Obama’s first-ever authorization of U.S. airstrikes in Syria, saying it stands “ready and willing” to partner with the international community to defeat the militants.
But the Syrian National Coalition said that airstrikes need to be coupled with a strategy for ultimately toppling Assad.
Kurdish politicians in Iraq similarly praised Obama’s announcement of wider airstrikes and assistance to Iraqi forces.
“We welcome this new strategy,” said Hoshyar Zebari, a Kurdish politician and one of Iraq’s newly-appointed deputy prime ministers. “We think it will work with the cooperation of the indigenous local forces like Iraqi Security Forces, the Kurdish peshmerga and other forces.”
“There is an urgent need for action. People cannot sit on the fence. This is a mortal threat to everybody,” he told The Associated Press.
The U.S. began launching limited airstrikes against ISIS targets in Iraq early last month at the request of former Iraqi Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki. The American firepower provided a significant boost to Iraqi forces, including the Kurdish peshmerga fighters, battling to win back land lost to the militant group.
The Sunni extremists seized roughly a third of Iraq and Syria in their rampage this summer, declaring a self-styled caliphate in areas under their control where they apply their strict interpretation of Islamic law.
In a prime-time address to the nation from the White House late Wednesday, Obama announced he was authorizing U.S. airstrikes inside Syria for the first time, along with expanded strikes in Iraq as part of “a steady, relentless effort” to root out ISIS extremists and curb their reign of terror.
He also again urged Congress to authorize a program to train and arm Syrian rebels who are fighting both the ISIS militants and Assad’s forces.
Obama did not say when U.S. forces would begin striking at targets inside Syria.
Syrian Minister for Reconciliation, Ali Haider, warned that “any action without the approval of the Syrian government is an aggression on Syria.” Speaking to reporters Thursday, he said international law dictates that any military action needs Damascus’ approval, and should also be coordinated with the government.
Obama has ruled out any partnership with Assad in the fight against the ISIS militants, saying the Syrian leader will “never regain the legitimacy” he has lost.
“I wonder how an international coalition can be formed and Syria, which is targeted by terrorism in depth, is shunned aside?” Syrian lawmaker Sharif Shehadeh told The Associated Press in Damascus. He said violating Syrian sovereignty will have “negative repercussions on regional and international security.” He did not elaborate.
The state-run al-Thawra newspaper warned in a front-page editorial that Obama’s authorization of airstrikes in Syria might be “the first sparks of fire in the region.”
Syrian officials have always insisted that the uprising in Syria, which erupted in March 2011 and eventually escalated into civil war, was carried out by armed “terrorists” - using the term as shorthand for all rebels.
Iran’s President Hassan Rowhani, whose country is a staunch ally of Assad, also said Thursday that regional and international cooperation will be vital - even though Tehran has not been invited to join the international coalition against the ISIS group. Rowhani spoke on an official visit to Tajikistan.
In Tehran, Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Marzieh Afkham said the coalition has “serious ambiguities,” the official IRNA news agency reported Thursday. She added that Iran has doubts about the seriousness of the coalition, accusing some unnamed members of supporting terrorism in Iraq and Syria.
The new U.N. envoy to Syria, meanwhile, said “the top priority now is to fight terrorism.” Speaking on his first visit to Damascus following a meeting with Assad on Thursday, Staffan de Mistura said he would strive “with a renewed energy” to move toward a political settlement to the Syrian conflict.
Assad was quoted by the state-run news agency as saying that recent events in Syria and the region have made fighting terrorism a priority. He did not comment on Obama’s speech.
De Mistura, a Swedish-Italian diplomat, is stepping into a mission that has frustrated two high-profile predecessors: Finding a resolution to a conflict that has killed more than 190,000 people and has driven a third of Syria’s population - some 9 million people - from their homes.
A year ago, Obama gave a speech in which he was widely expected to announce punishing U.S. airstrikes against Assad’s forces, after blaming them for a deadly chemical weapons attack near Damascus. Obama backed down at the last minute.
The U.S. president is now authorizing airstrikes not against Assad, but against a group committed to his removal from power. In doing that, the U.S. runs the risk of unintentionally strengthening Assad’s hand, potentially opening the way for the Syrian army to fill the vacuum left by the extremists.
Hadi Bahra, chief of the Syrian National Coalition opposition group, said mainstream rebels desperately need support to fight the extremists.
“Today, we are one step closer to achieving that goal,” he said.
He said the Syrian Coalition “stands ready and willing to partner with the international community,” not only to defeat the extremists, but also “to rid the Syrian people of the tyranny of the Assad regime.”