Iran’s missile arsenal in striking range of Europe, parts of Asia

US Ambassador to the United Nations Nikki Haley briefs the media in front of remains of Iranian ‘Qiam’ ballistic missile provided by Pentagon at Joint Base Anacostia-Bolling in Washington, on December 14, 2017. (Reuters)

Iran has a diverse missile arsenal. Indeed, Iranian military sources assert that its range reaches more than 3000 km. Thus the European continent and parts of Asia are in the range of Iranian missiles, which confirms that the Iranian threat in this area is not confined to the Middle East countries only. This threat comes from a country where 18 million people live below the poverty line, Iranian officials stated.

“Tabnak,” a Persian-speaking website underlined that the Iranian missile force is one of the most important strategic axes of the Iranian military, which justifies the development of this force by saying that it is only a deterrent to the threats against Tehran, according to the website.

Nikki Haley, the United States Ambassador to the United Nations, revealed on Thursday evening (November 14) at a press conference held at an American military base outside Washington that parts of the rocket launched by the Houthis on Saudi Arabia prove that the Houthi missile was made in Iran. Tehran justified its relentless effort to develop missile systems with defensive pretexts, but now it became clear that Iran supplied its militias to undertake an aggressive action against a third party. 

SEE ALSO: Challenges of identifying and targeting Iranian-supplied missiles to Houthis

The American envoy stressed that “the threat of Iranian missiles includes everyone, not just Saudi Arabia and the UAE.”

To find out the truth behind the statements of the American top official at the UN, let’s take a quick look at the extent of Iranian missile arsenal by reviewing Iranian sources.

The jamejam online website of Iran’s Radio and Television Corporation published a report on a military site called “Jank Afzar” (weapons), which confirmed that the Iranian missiles reach “the farthest of Europe and 70 percent of the Asian continent.”  

Capabilities  

The commander of Iran’s Revolutionary Guards, Mohammad Ali Jafari, once stressed that “what drove our enemies to sit at the negotiating table is our defense capabilities.”

SEE ALSO: VIDEO: Coalition forces destroy ballistic missile workshops in Yemen

To learn more about Iran’s missile capabilities - which the international community sees as a threat and Iran as a deterrent - let’s take a look at Iran’s most dangerous missiles, which many countries consider as a real threat to its security. Russia, China and North Korea are the main source of technology used in the manufacturing of these missiles. There is also an ongoing cooperation between Tehran and Pyongyang in this regard. 

The shale- Sajil missile 

It is the first long-range surface-to-surface ballistic missile manufactured in Iran with solid fuel. According to Iranian military sources, the range of the missile is 2,000 km. Iran believes it to be the best missile in its military arsenal and can be launched from a mobile platform. If Hezbollah is supplied with this missile just like they supplied the Houthi militias to target the Riyadh airport, its destructive power can be increased by reducing the fuel and increasing the explosive force in it, which will make striking the heart of Europe an easy task. 

Gulf of Persia Missile 

This is a smart ballistic missile with solid fuel, it is faster than sound and can be launched from a ground platform and from vessels to target Navy equipment, which is considered a real threat to the marine navigation, and the missile has a range of 300 kilometers and carries a 650 kilogram explosive head. The missile was designed by the Revolutionary Guard and is manufactured by the Iranian Ministry of Defense. 

Shahab missiles 

The Shahab Group (1, 2 and 3) is the most famous of all Iranian missiles. There are two versions of this missile, the first medium range and the second, long-range. This missile represents a real threat to the neighborhood countries, especially the medium-range one, which has a greater destructive power. Iran’s radio and television website described the missile as “the deadly threat to the regional and worldwide enemies.” 

Shahab 5 ballistic missile 

Iran calls one of the Shahab group missiles ‘Shahab 5’, and claims that it is a very sophisticated missile with the farthest range without revealing its range and destructive power. There are little information about this ballistic missile. 

Shahab 4 ballistic missile 

The ballistic ‘Shahab-4’range is 3,000 km. Iran says it has manufactured it for space purposes, and it can carry satellites also. The missile can be used for both military purpose and space as well. Later on, Iran manufactured a copy of this missile called “Kawchker 1” for space purposes only. 

Medium-range Shahab 3 missile 

The ‘Shahab-3’ missile is the best medium-range missile in Iran’s arsenal, the initial version of this missile is known as ‘Shahab A-3’. The ‘Shahab B-3’ range is 2,000 km. The ‘Shahab’ versions is a real threat to regional countries and large parts of Europe, Asia and Africa.Iran has developed a new version of the missile called ‘Shahab D3’, with a range of 2200 to 3000 km.

 ‘Qadr’ missile has  range of 70% of Asia 

The Qadr missile is considered one of the fastest missiles in the Iranian arsenal, Tehran claims that the missile cannot be detected by all the radars and anti-missile systems worldwide, according to some sources, the range of the missile is 2500 to 3000 km. The Iranian Radio and Television website confirms that ‘Qadr’ can hit the farthest target in Europe and 70% of the targets in Asia. Qadar is an advanced version of ‘Shahab 3’ and is different from the engine Shahab, it is equipped with a two-stage engine; the first engine is powered by liquid fuel and the other with solid fuel, it is the Iranian version of the Chinese M-18 missile. 

‘Qiyyam’ a missile that targeted the Riyadh airport 

The Houthis attempted to target Riyadh’s civil airport with a Qiyyam missile to cause more civilian casualties, as per what the US envoy Nicky Healy said last Thursday, warning of the danger of Iranian military expansion and calling on the world to join forces to confront the Iranian threats.

SEE ALSO: UN says missiles fired at Saudi Arabia sourced from blacklisted company

The missile operates with liquid fuel, it can be launched from mobile platforms, and cannot be detected by radars, as per what Tehran claims, and also claims that systems such as ‘Patriot’ and ‘Arrow’ cannot detect it. 

The ballistic missile ‘Ashura’ 

The Ashura ballistic missile range is 2,500 km, it is described by Iran as “the crown of its missile products” When Iran tested this long-range ballistic missile, Washington announced that this highly destructive missile could be fired at any American target in Eastern Europe.

This missile is classified as one of Iran’s medium-range missiles and is powered by a two-stage engine and uses solid fuel. 

The ‘Khorramshahr’ missile 

This missile was called the Persian name of the Arabic city ‘al-Muhammarah’, Iran first announced that missile in a military parade last August, The diameter of this missile is 1.5 meters, length is 15 meters, and its range is 2000 km. It can carry several heads with a weight of 1800 kg, giving it a great destructive power.

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Last Update: Wednesday, 20 May 2020 KSA 09:50 - GMT 06:50
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