Coronavirus: First COVID-19 vaccines administered to US citizens

Sandra Lindsay, a nurse at Long Island Jewish Medical Center, is inoculated with the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) vaccine by Dr. Michelle Chester from Northwell Health at Long Island Jewish Medical Center in New Hyde Park, New York, US, December 14, 2020. (Reuters)

An intensive care unit nurse became the first person in the US to receive the Pfizer/BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine on Monday, calling it a sign that “healing is coming,” as the US coronavirus death toll crossed a staggering 300,000 lives lost.

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Sandra Lindsay, who has treated some of the sickest COVID-19 patients for months, was given the vaccine at Long Island Jewish Medical Center in the New York City borough of Queens, an early epicenter of the country’s COVID-19 outbreak, receiving applause on a livestream with New York Governor Andrew Cuomo.

“It didn’t feel any different from taking any other vaccine,” Lindsay said. “I feel hopeful today, relieved. I feel like healing is coming. I hope this marks the beginning of the end of a very painful time in our history.

“I want to instill public confidence that the vaccine is safe,” she added.

Cuomo tweeted a picture of Lindsay, wearing a mask and staring resolutely ahead, as a doctor injected her in the arm, and said she was the first American to get vaccinated.

“This is what heroes look like,” Cuomo wrote.

Minutes after Lindsay received the injection, President Donald Trump tweeted: “First Vaccine Administered. Congratulations USA! Congratulations WORLD!”

Long Island Jewish Medical Center, operated by New York’s largest healthcare system, Northwell Health, was one of many select hospitals across the US that was administering the country’s first inoculations of a COVID-19 vaccine outside of clinical trials on Monday.

The vaccine, developed by Pfizer Inc and German partner BioNTech SE, won an emergency use authorization from federal regulators on Friday after it was found to be 95 percent effective in preventing illness in a large clinical trial.

Its arrival provided some welcome relief as the country passed the grim milestone of 300,000 lives lost on Monday, with COVID-19 hospitalizations at record levels. More than 16 million US coronavirus cases have been recorded to date.

The US is reporting 2,462 deaths per day on a 7-day average, the highest since the pandemic started, according to a Reuters count.

The first 2.9 million doses of the vaccine began to be shipped to distribution centers around the country on Sunday, just 11 months after the US documented its first case of COVID-19.

“It’s been an incredible morning. It’s historic,” said Dr. Leonardo Seoane, speaking over a livestream video on Monday after becoming one of the first Louisiana residents to receive the vaccine at Ochsner Medical Center in New Orleans, where he led some of the clinical trials for the Pfizer/BioNTech shot.

Nurse Cheryl Birmingham administers the Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 Vaccine to registered nurse La Tanya Forbes at Memorial Healthcare System facility in Miramar, Florida, US, December 14, 2020. (Reuters)

Nurse Cheryl Birmingham administers the Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 Vaccine to registered nurse La Tanya Forbes at Memorial Healthcare System facility in Miramar, Florida, US, December 14, 2020. (Reuters)

Logistical challenge

The first US vaccine shipments departed from Pfizer’s facility in Kalamazoo, Michigan, on Sunday, packed into trucks with dry-ice to maintain the necessary minus 70 Celsius (-94 Fahrenheit) temperature. They were transported to UPS and FedEx planes waiting at air fields in Lansing and Grand Rapids and flown to cargo hubs in Louisville and Memphis, kicking off a national immunization endeavor of unprecedented complexity.

From Kentucky and Tennessee, the shipments were loaded onto planes and trucks to be distributed to the first 145 of 636 vaccine-staging areas across the country. Second and third waves of vaccine shipments were due to go out to the remaining sites on Tuesday and Wednesday.

“This is the most difficult vaccine rollout in history,” US Surgeon General Jerome Adams told Fox News on Monday.

“There will be hiccups undoubtedly, but we’ve done everything from a federal level and working with partners to make it go as smoothly as possible,” Adams said, adding he would get the shot as soon as he could.

Governors in 26 states and territories were planning to use the National Guard to assist with vaccine distribution, ranging from breaking down shipments into smaller packages to helping with transport, the Guard said on Monday.

Dr. Anthony Fauci, Director, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, during a House Select Subcommittee on the Coronavirus Crisis hearing in Washington, September 23, 2020. (AFP)

Dr. Anthony Fauci, Director, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, during a House Select Subcommittee on the Coronavirus Crisis hearing in Washington, September 23, 2020. (AFP)

More doses on the way

Healthcare workers and nursing home residents will be first to get the two-dose vaccine regimen given three weeks apart. Next will be essential workers, as determined by individual states, and elderly people with underlying health conditions.

US top infectious disease expert Dr. Anthony Fauci told MSNBC on Monday that Americans with no heightened risk factors could expect to get vaccinated “by the end of March, the beginning of April.”

“Maybe by the end of late spring... So that by the time we get into the fall, we can start approaching some degree of relief,” Fauci said.

Health officials have warned that masks and social distancing will still be needed for months to control the rampaging outbreak.

US Operation Warp Speed top adviser Moncef Slaoui said the US hopes to have about 40 million vaccine doses - enough for 20 million people - distributed by the end of this month.

That would include vaccines from both Pfizer and Moderna Inc. An outside US Food and Drug Administration advisory panel is scheduled to consider the Moderna vaccine on Thursday, with emergency use expected to be granted shortly after.

On Friday, Moderna announced it had struck a deal with the US government to deliver 100 million additional doses in the second quarter.

Pfizer Chief Executive Albert Bourla told CNN on Monday that the company plans on producing 1.3 billion doses next year and is working to increase that number to meet high demand, including a request by the US government for 100 million more doses by the second quarter of 2021 still being negotiated. That is in addition to the 100 million expected by the end of the first quarter.

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Last Update: Tuesday, 15 December 2020 KSA 01:27 - GMT 22:27
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