How a friar saved religious manuscripts from ISIS wrath in Iraq

Friar: My duty is to save our heritage, a significant treasure. (AFP)

As ISIS militants swept across Iraq three years ago, he rescued a treasure trove of ancient religious manuscripts from near-certain destruction. Father Najeeb Michaeel is now training fellow Iraqis to preserve their heritage.

“My duty is to save our heritage, a significant treasure,” the Dominican friar told AFP in a telephone interview from his office in the city of Arbil, capital of Iraqi Kurdistan.

“We can’t save a tree if we don’t save its roots, and a man without culture is a dead man.”

In August 2014, as ISIS charged towards Qaraqosh, once Iraq’s largest Christian city, Father Najeeb filled his car with rare manuscripts, 16th century books and irreplaceable records.

4)tFather Najeeb Michaeel inspects an old Christian book at the Oriental Manuscript Digitisation Centre (CNDO) in Arbil, the capital of Iraq's autonomous northern Kurdish region, on March 1, 2018. (AFP)

4)tFather Najeeb Michaeel inspects an old Christian book at the Oriental Manuscript Digitisation Centre (CNDO) in Arbil, the capital of Iraq's autonomous northern Kurdish region, on March 1, 2018. (AFP)

Founded in 1990, the center works in partnership with Benedictine monks to preserve and restore documents. It also scans damaged manuscripts recovered from churches and villages across northern Iraq.

In all, some 8,000 Chaldean, Syrian, Armenian and Nestorian manuscripts have been digitally copied.

Today, the OMDC has about 10 employees, “displaced people who have turned into professionals” who host researchers from France, Italy or Canada, the friar said.

The new recruits are all academics who lost their jobs after fleeing their homes during the ISIS militant takeover.

“They are working for the future and they know it. They put their whole heart into it,” said Father Najeeb, whose team includes Christians and Muslims.

2)tFather Najeeb Michaeel stands by old Christian books at the Oriental Manuscript Digitisation Centre (CNDO) in Arbil, the capital of Iraq's autonomous northern Kurdish region, on March 1, 2018. (AFP)

2)tFather Najeeb Michaeel stands by old Christian books at the Oriental Manuscript Digitisation Centre (CNDO) in Arbil, the capital of Iraq's autonomous northern Kurdish region, on March 1, 2018. (AFP)

Thousands of religious relics and sites, both Christian and Muslim, were destroyed by ISIS before Iraqi security forces finally declared victory against the extremists in December.

“I’ve trained four or five different teams,” said Father Najeeb, explaining that as Iraqi troops advanced against ISIS, many trainees returned home, forcing him to take on fresh recruits.

The center now makes several copies of each document to guarantee its preservation. Originals are returned to the owners, one copy is kept on file and another posted on its online digital database.

2)tFather Najeeb Michaeel works on an old manuscript at the Oriental Manuscript Digitisation Centre (CNDO) in Arbil, the capital of Iraq's autonomous northern Kurdish region, on March 1, 2018. (AFP)

2)tFather Najeeb Michaeel works on an old manuscript at the Oriental Manuscript Digitisation Centre (CNDO) in Arbil, the capital of Iraq's autonomous northern Kurdish region, on March 1, 2018. (AFP)

Until 2007, these documents were kept in the convent of Al-Saa church, also known as Our Lady of the Hour, in the city of Mosul, which became the major battleground of Iraq’s war against ISIS.

The archives contain nearly 850 ancient manuscripts in Aramaic, Arabic and other languages, letters dating back three centuries and some 50,000 books.

4)tFather Najeeb Michaeel inspects an old Christian book at the Oriental Manuscript Digitisation Centre (CNDO) in Arbil, the capital of Iraq's autonomous northern Kurdish region, on March 1, 2018. (AFP)

4)tFather Najeeb Michaeel inspects an old Christian book at the Oriental Manuscript Digitisation Centre (CNDO) in Arbil, the capital of Iraq's autonomous northern Kurdish region, on March 1, 2018. (AFP)

Al-Saa church takes its name from its clock, which was a gift from France in 1880, given to the Dominicans in recognition of their social and cultural work.

The Dominican order had opened 25 schools across Mosul and its surrounding province, and - on the backs of camels trekking across the desert - brought Iraq its first printing house in 1857.

But attacks against churches in Mosul were on the rise even before ISIS seized control of the city in 2014.

At least five priests and a bishop had been murdered since 2004. “I was on the list of religious figures to kill,” said Father Najeeb. In 2007, he moved the archives to Qaraqosh, some 30 kilometers away.

Thanks to “a premonition” in late July 2014, the Dominicans relocated the archives once again, this time to Iraqi Kurdistan.
When ISIS pushed into the Christian city less than two weeks later, the friars filled their cars with the remaining documents and followed suit.

Cultural treasures

ISIS militants tried to stop them at the Kalak crossroads into Iraqi Kurdistan but Kurdish Peshmerga fighters intervened. The friars were left without a car and forced to continue on foot.

“As soon as I saw anyone with their hands empty, I handed them some of the cultural treasures and asked them to return them once they entered Kurdistan,” said the friar. “I got everything back.”

7)tFather Najeeb Michaeel displays an old and damaged book at the Oriental Manuscript Digitisation Centre (CNDO) in Arbil, the capital of Iraq's autonomous northern Kurdish region, on March 1, 2018. (AFP)

7)tFather Najeeb Michaeel displays an old and damaged book at the Oriental Manuscript Digitisation Centre (CNDO) in Arbil, the capital of Iraq's autonomous northern Kurdish region, on March 1, 2018. (AFP)

When he returned to Mosul last year to attend the first post-ISIS Christmas mass, Friar Najeeb found his church in ruins.
The tower that housed the clock had vanished, the convent had been converted into a jail, rooms transformed into workshops for bombs and explosive belts, and gallows had replaced the church altar.

But Father Najeeb, who plays organ and electric guitar, remains hopeful. “I’m optimistic. The last word will be one of peace, not the sword,” he said.

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Last Update: Wednesday, 20 May 2020 KSA 09:53 - GMT 06:53
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