Fatah and Hamas: years of strained relations

Senior Hamas leader Ismail Haniyeh (R) shakes hands with Palestinian Prime Minister Rami Hamdallah at Haniyeh's house in Gaza City Oct. 9, 2014. (Reuters)

Palestinian president Mahmud Abbas's Fatah movement held the Islamist movement Hamas responsible for a wave of bomb attacks Friday against the homes of its leaders in the Gaza Strip.

Here is a timeline of relations since Hamas forcibly seized power in Gaza in June 2007, ousting Fatah, the main component of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO).

-- 2007 --

- June 15: Hamas completes its seizure of Gaza after routing Fatah forces loyal to Abbas, who fires the Hamas-dominated unity government led by Ismail Haniya.

-- 2008 --

- March 23: The factions agree to resume dialogue in a document signed in Yemen, but the initiative makes no progress because of differences over its interpretation.

-- 2009 --

- January 19: Abbas proposes a government of national unity a day after a ceasefire announced in Gaza by Israel and Hamas after a more than three-week blitz by Israel on the territory in which 1,400 Palestinians and 13 Israelis are killed.

-- 2011 --

- April 27: Fatah and Hamas say they have reached an "understanding" to set up an interim government of independents to prepare for presidential and legislative elections within a year. Most of the clauses are unapplied with deadlines regularly put back.

-- 2012 --

- January 7: Hamas and Fatah agree on a prisoner swap.

- February 6: The rivals agree that Abbas will head an interim national consensus government to supervise the run-up to presidential and legislative elections. The decision, contested within Hamas, is not applied.

-- 2013 --

- January 4: Hundreds of thousands of Fatah supporters stage a mass demonstration in Gaza, their first since Hamas seized the territory.

- July 29: In Washington, Israelis and Palestinians resume direct peace talks for the first time in three years. The talks have since collapsed.

-- 2014 --

- April 23: The PLO and Hamas agree to form a unity government to end seven years of divided administration.

- April 24: Israel says it is halting peace talks with the Palestinians following their unity deal with Hamas, which it brands a "terrorist" group.

- June 2: The unity government is sworn in, counting 17 ministers, all of them political independents.

- August 26: Israel and the Palestinians bring a 50-day war which killed more than 2,100 Palestinians and 70 Israelis to an end with a ceasefire.

- September 25: Hamas and Fatah reach an agreement for the return of their unity government in Gaza. Abbas had accused Hamas of running a "parallel" administration in the enclave.

- October 9: The Palestinian unity government holds its first ever meeting in Gaza.

- October 29: The unity government pays the salaries of thousands of civil servants in the Gaza Strip.

- November 7: Fatah says it holds Hamas responsible for a wave of bomb attacks against the homes of Fatah leaders in Gaza. Hamas condemns the attacks.

Last Update: Wednesday, 20 May 2020 KSA 13:54 - GMT 10:54