Over the past few years, border control between and on the GCC periphery is becoming a major security issue. Historically, border demarcation between the GCC states were based on historical differences driven by sea, air and land requirements by tribes and, later, by possible oil deposits. Oman, to date, is the only GCC state that has solidified its borders with its neighbors. Bilateral agreements solved several border disputes, the most threatening problem within the GCC -- such as those between Saudi Arabia and both Oman and the UAE. But even these problems are not permanently solved, given the perception that any solution is but temporary until a better one can be reached. The GCC itself does have a the GCC Borders and Coast Guards’ Officials body that recently held its 22nd meeting to coordinate policies and needs.
GCC security roadmaps
In the GCC, command and control, border security and critical infrastructure protection are the main drivers that unite the GCC’s hands together in border security.Dr. Theodore Karasik
Elsewhere, Saudi Arabia will need constant monitoring and will use assets such as the King Air 350ER-ISR to monitor events on their borders, whether land or sea. The sheer size of KSA's land borders –whether with neighboring countries or the Red Sea and the Arabian Gulf, are so great that there is little need for ground vehicles to hold responsibility for the border protection mission, but to leave the responsibility to air assets. This is undertaken by the KSA Ministry of the Interior and with help from the Armed Forces. KSA is looking at employing air-borne Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance (ISR) assets for both conventional and non-conventional threats i.e. the Iranians have used submersibles and are a direct threat to KSA. Overall, there is a surge of spending within the GCC of looking to Littoral Combat Ships due to the maritime domain awareness needs and environmental restrictions. These will be used to patrol KSA maritime borders and will be combined with greater responsibility and duties for the Saudi Arabian National Guard.SHOW MORE