Palestinian and Israeli negotiators have for months hidden a major secret. Over the past two days, the details of a political solution based on establishing two states began to emerge after we thought the prospect of a solution had been buried for good.
The solution adopted by U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry, and championed by him during his visits to the concerned countries, will most likely fail. However, I do think it will pave the way for a final solution; perhaps it will be 10 years down the line, or whenever the historical moment arrives.
The concept behind the deal is based on exchanging both land and people. What if the Palestinians rid the occupied West Bank of Jewish settlers and the Israelis rid of towns and cities populated by Israel’s Arab population. Furthermore, what if two independent states with new borders are established after those cities and towns are exchanged between both sides.
It is a novel idea and if it is justly implemented, it will be better than the buried Oslo Agreement. But, the devil is in the detail. For example, many of “Israel’s Palestinians” do not live in areas neighboring Gaza or the West Bank borders, therefore implementing population exchange will mean displacing more than one million people from their houses and land.
Not a bad idea
Israel, until recently, has used the idea of establishing an independent Palestinian state to waste the time of international partiesAbdulrahman al-Rashed
Despite this, I doubt that Kerry’s plan will succeed for several reasons. The major reason is that the Israeli party will impose its conditions as it considers itself the stronger party in negotiations. Even if the Palestinian party thinks it has finally attained the state it wants, with the minimum amount of rights and conditions, it is not actually in a strong political position to ensure massive support from the Palestinians.