“We have to get [the Kurds] better land under U.N. control and to put those people in the Iraqi territory and take care of them”, said President of Turkey Turgut Özal in April 7, 1991. Özal was advocating the creation of a no-fly zone to protect the Kurds against the genocidal actions of Iraq's Republican Guard. The main concern of the Turkish government was to avoid a wave of Kurdish refugees into Turkish territory that could strengthen the ranks of the insurgent Kurdistan Workers' Party, and boost the Kurdish separatist drive in Turkey. Iran expressed similar fears at the time.
Engaging the other side
The current ISIS offensive is bringing back the memories of the crisis in northern Iraq following the 1990-1991 Gulf WarManuel Almeida